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English definition of “case”

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case

noun uk   /keɪs/ us  

case noun (SITUATION)

B1 [C] a particular situation or example of something: Over a hundred people were injured, in several cases seriously. Jobs are hard to find but in his case that's not the problem because he has so much experience. I wouldn't normally agree but I'll make an exception in this case. The number of new cases of the illness appears to be declining. We have lots of applications from people who want to study here and in each case we consider the candidate very carefully. She was suffering from an extreme case of sunburn.in that case B2 because of the mentioned situation: There's no coffee left? In that case I'll have tea.(not) the case B1 (not) true: If that is the case then I will be very disappointed.in any case B2 also: I don't want to go and in any case, I haven't been invited.(just) in case B1 because of a possibility of something happening, being needed, etc.: I don't think I'll need any money but I'll bring some just in case. Bring a map in case you get lost.in the case of sth/sb in connection with someone or something, or in the situation of something: The law will apply equally to men and women except in the case of maternity leave.a case of sth used when a situation is of a particular type: She doesn't want to work full-time, it's a case of having to.a case in point an example that shows that what you are saying is true or helps to explain why you are saying it: Lack of communication causes serious problems and their marriage is a case in point.as the case might be ( also whatever the case might be) one of the stated possibilities that is true: When the election is called in April, or June, as the case might be, we shall be ready for it.
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case noun (PROBLEM)

B2 [C] a problem, a series of events or a person being dealt with by police, doctors, lawyers, etc.: Several social workers have looked into the child's case. The detective on the case (= responsible for solving it) has been suspended from duty. When he first went for treatment at the hospital he seemed to be a hopeless case (= a person who could not be cured).B2 [C] a matter to be decided by a judge in a law court: a murder case The case will go before the European Court next month. She accused her employer of unlawful dismissal and won/lost her case.
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case noun (CONTAINER)

A2 [C] a container or box for storing things in a box holding twelve or more bottles of wine or another type of drink, or the bottles and their contents: He bought his brother a case of wine for his birthday. Can you get some more cola? The kids drank the whole case.
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case noun (ARGUMENT)

C2 [S] arguments, facts, and reasons in support of or against something: There's a good case for/against bringing in new regulations. The case against cigarette advertising is becoming stronger all the time. She's very busy so don't overstate the case - just give her the facts.
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case noun (GRAMMAR)

[C or U] specialized language any of the various types to which a noun can belong, according to the work it does in a sentence, shown in some languages by a special word ending: the accusative/dative case

case

verb uk   /keɪs/ slang us  
case the joint to look at a place with the intention of stealing from it later: He looked around shiftily, as if he was casing the joint.
(Definition of case from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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