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English definition of “cognate”

cognate

adjective uk   /ˈkɒɡ.neɪt/ us    /ˈkɑːɡ-/ specialized
describes languages and words that have the same origin, or that are related and in some way similar: The Italian word "mangiare" (= to eat) is cognate with the French "manger".

cognate

noun [C] uk   /ˈkɒɡ.neɪt/ us    /ˈkɑːɡ-/ specialized
a word that has the same origin, or that is related in some way, to a word in another language
(Definition of cognate from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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