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English definition of “conviction”

conviction

noun uk   /kənˈvɪk.ʃən/ us  

conviction noun (CRIME)

C2 [C or U] the fact of officially being found to be guilty of a particular crime, or the act of officially finding someone guilty: As it was her first conviction for stealing, she was given a less severe sentence. He has a long record of previous convictions for similar offences. The conviction of the three demonstrators has caused public outrage locally.
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Court cases, orders and decisionsGuilty

conviction noun (OPINION)

C2 [C or U] a strong opinion or belief: religious/moral convictions a deep/strong/lifelong conviction [+ that] It's my personal conviction that all rapists should be locked away for life.Opinions, beliefs and points of view [U] a feeling of being certain about something: He said he was enjoying his new job, but his voice lacked conviction.Opinions, beliefs and points of view
(Definition of conviction from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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