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English definition of “do”

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do

auxiliary verb uk   // /du/ /duː/ (did, done) us  

do auxiliary verb (FOR QUESTIONS/NEGATIVES)

A1 used with another verb to form questions and negative sentences, including negative orders, and sometimes in affirmative sentences for reasons of style: Where do you work? Why did you do that? Why don't we have lunch together on Friday? Doesn't Matthew look old these days? "Didn't you realize she was deaf?" "No I didn't."/"Of course I did." Not only did I speak to her, I even got her autograph! formal Never did I hear such a terrible noise. Don't (you) speak to me like that! UK Don't let's argue about it (= let's not argue about it). formal So quietly did she speak (= she spoke so quietly) that I could scarcely hear her. Little does he know (= he knows nothing about it), but we're flying to Geneva next weekend to celebrate his birthday. "I want two chocolate bars and an ice cream." "Do you now/indeed? (= that is surprising or unreasonable)."A2 used instead of the main verb in questions that are added to the end of a sentence to check information: You met him at our party, didn't you? You don't understand the question, do you? used instead of the main verb in questions that are added to the end of a sentence as a way of expressing surprise: So Susannah and May finally got married, did they?
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do auxiliary verb (TO AVOID REPEATING)

B1 used to avoid repeating a verb or verb phrase: She runs much faster than he does. Maria looks much healthier than she did. "I don't like intense heat." "Neither/Nor do I." "I hate intense heat." "So do I." "You left your umbrella." "So I did. I'm so forgetful these days." UK "Would you mind tidying up the kitchen?" "I already have done." "May I join you?" "Please do!" "Who said that?" "I did." "Tilly speaks fluent Japanese." "Does she really?" "I thought I'd take a day off school today." "Oh no you don't (= I'm not going to let you do that)!"
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do auxiliary verb (FOR EMPHASIS)

B2 [+ infinitive without to] used to give extra force to the main verb: "Can I buy stamps here?" "Well, we do sell them, but we don't have any at the moment." UK Do shut up, Georgia, and get on with your homework. UK Do write and let me know how you're getting on. UK He cooks a lot does Alex. He does far more than me.
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do

verb uk   // /du/ /duː/ /duː/ (did, done) us  

do verb (PERFORM)

A1 [T] to perform, take part in, or achieve something: That was a really stupid thing to do. What are you doing over the weekend? The only thing we can do now is wait and see what happens. UK Why were you sent to see the headmaster? What have you done now? US Why were you sent to the principal's office? What did you do now? You should be able to do it by yourself/on your own. UK What have you done (= made happen) to her? US What did you do (= make happen) to her? What (on earth) were you doing in the library (= why were you there) at two o'clock in the morning? What are these toys doing here? (= Why are they here?) What do you do (for a living)? (= What is your job?) What can I do for you? (= How can I help you?) UK What have you done with (= where have you put) my coat? US What did you do with (= where did you put) my coat? She just hasn't known what to do with herself (= how to keep herself busy) since she retired.do sth about sth to take action to deal with something: It's a global problem - what can individuals do about it?do well/badly by sb formal to treat someone well or badly
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do verb (ACT)

[I or T] to act or take action: Stop arguing with me, Daryl, and do as you're told! She told me not to ask any questions, just to do as she did. "Was it wrong of me to go to the police?" "Oh no, I'm sure you did right/did the right thing." You'd do well to take some professional advice on this matter.
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do verb (CONNECTED)

to do with B2 connected with: "Why did you want to talk to me?" "Well, it's to do with a complaint that's been made about your work." "But I didn't have any money." "What does that have to do with it? You still shouldn't have taken my wallet without asking me." She refused to have anything (more) to do with him after he was arrested for drinking and driving. "I thought I should tell you I saw your son smoking today." "Mind your own business! What my son does has nothing to do with you!"

do verb (DEAL WITH)

A1 [T] to deal with or be responsible for something: Lucia is going to do the publicity for the school play. If they ask any awkward questions, just let me do the talking.
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do verb (STUDY)

A1 [T] UK to study a subject: Diane did anthropology at university.
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do verb (SOLVE)

[T] to solve or find the answer to something: to do a puzzle I've never been able to do crosswords.
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do verb (MAKE)

A2 [T] to make, produce, or create something: I can't go out tonight - I've got to do my history paper. [+ two objects] UK Can you do me 20 photocopies of this report/do 20 photocopies of this report for me?
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do verb (FINISH)

UK [I] If you say that you have done with something or someone, or have done performing a particular action, you mean that you have finished what you were doing with something or someone, or what you were saying to someone, or that you have finished the action: Have you done with those scissors yet? Where are you going? I haven't done with you yet (= I am still talking to you). [+ -ing verb] I haven't done talking to you yet.

do verb (CLEAN/MAKE TIDY)

B1 [I or T] to clean something, or make something look neat and attractive: I cooked the dinner so you can do (= wash) the dishes. do your hair/make-up/nails UK I want to do (= clean) the living room this afternoon.
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do verb (ARRANGE)

[T] mainly UK to arrange something: You've done those flowers beautifully. Can anyone here do (= tie) bow-ties?
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do verb (TRAVEL)

[T] to travel a particular distance or to travel at a particular speed: It's an old car and it's done over 80,000 miles. My new car does 50 miles to the gallon (= uses one gallon of fuel to travel 50 miles) He was caught doing 80 miles an hour. [T] to complete a journey: We did the journey to Boston in five hours.
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do verb (BE ACCEPTABLE)

C1 [I or T] mainly UK to be acceptable, suitable, or enough: Will this room do or would you prefer one with a shower? This kind of behaviour just won't do. [+ to infinitive] It doesn't do to criticize your parents. I don't have any grapefruit juice, but I've got some orange juice. Will that do (you)? "Is that enough potato, or would you like some more?" "That'll do (= be enough for) me, thanks."
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do verb (CAUSE TO HAVE)

[T] to provide or sell something, or to cause someone to have something: They are doing a special offer - three for the price of two. Do you do travel insurance as well as flights? The bar only does food at lunchtimes, not in the evenings.
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do verb (COOK)

[T] to cook or prepare food: Who's doing the food for your party? [+ two objects] UK I'll do you some scrambled eggs.
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do verb (MANAGE)

B1 [I usually + adverb] to develop or continue with the stated amount of success: How is Mary doing in her new job/school? Both the new mother and her baby are doing very well. Are your roses doing all right this year? Many small businesses are doing badly because of the economic situation. I did pretty well when I traded in my car - they gave me a good price for it. Alexa has done well for herself (= has achieved great personal success), getting such a highly paid job.
Synonym
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do verb (PLAY)

[T] to perform a play or to play the part of a character: The children are doing a play at the end of term. She's done all the important Shakespearean roles except for Lady Macbeth. I hope she doesn't do a Helen (= do what Helen did) and get divorced six months after her wedding.

do verb (VISIT)

[T] informal to visit the interesting places in a town or country, or to look around an interesting place: We didn't get to do Nice when we were in France.

do verb (STEAL)

[T] UK informal to enter a building illegally and steal from it: Our house was done while we were away.

do verb (CHEAT)

[T] UK informal to cheat someone: $50 for that old bike! You've been done! He did me for a thousand quid for that car.

do verb (PRISON)

[T] informal to spend time in prison: He did three years for his part in the robbery. If you're not careful you'll end up doing time again.

do verb (PUNISH)

[T] mainly UK informal to punish someone: If you mess with me again, I'll do you good and proper. I got done (= stopped by the police) for speeding on my way home last night.

do verb (TAKE DRUG)

[T] informal to take an illegal drug: How long have you been doing heroin? I don't do drugs.

do verb (HAPPEN)

be doing UK informal to be happening: This town is so boring in the evening - there's never anything doing.

do

noun [C] uk   // /du/ /duː/ /duː/ ( plural dos) us  

do noun [C] (TREATMENT)

UK informal a way of treating people: There are no special privileges for the managers - we believe in fair dos all round (= equal treatment for everyone) in this company. It's a poor do (= a bad/unfair situation) when a so-called developed country can't even provide homes for all its citizens.

do noun [C] (PARTY)

mainly UK informal a party or other social event: Colin's having a bit of a do for his 50th birthday. It was one of those dos where nobody really knew each other.

do noun [C] (HAIR)

US a hairdo
Translations of “do”
in Korean 다른 동사와 함께 쓰여 의문문이나 부정문을 만든다, 부가 의문문을 만들때 쓰인다, 이미 사용된 동사의 반복을 피하기 위해 그 대신 쓰인다…
in Arabic فِعل مُساعِد يُستَخدَم في أول الجُملة لِلسؤال بِمعنى: هَل, فِعل مُساعِد يُستَخدَم في آخِر الجُملة لِلسؤال بِمعنى: أليس كّذلِك, فِعل مُساعِد يُستَخدَم لمنع التِكرارفي الجُملة بِمعنى: وأنا أيضا…
in French Je pensais qu’elle ne viendrait pas, mais elle est venue quand même, ”do” s’emploie avec le verbe principal après les mots suivants“seldom”…
in Turkish geniş zaman yardımcı fiili, bir ifade sonunda 'değil mi?' sorusunu yapmak için kullanılır, bir önceki cümledeki fiili kullanmamak için onun yerine kullanılır…
in Italian usato con un altro verbo per formare frasi negative e interrogative, usato alla fine di una frase per renderla interrogativa, usato per evitare di ripetere lo stesso verbo in una frase…
in Chinese (Traditional) 用於疑問句/否定句, (與另一動詞連用構成疑問句和否定句,包括倒裝句,有時因文體原因亦可用於肯定句), (在用來確認資訊的疑問句中代替主要動詞)…
in Russian вспом. гл., используемый при образовании вопрос. и отриц. предложений, используемый при образовании разделит. вопросов…
in Polish (= czasownik posiłkowy służący do tworzenia zdań pytających i zaprzeczonych), (= używany w krótkich pytaniach na końcu zdania, które po polsku tłumaczy się jako prawda? lub nieprawdaż?)…
in Spanish 0, hacer, servir…
in Portuguese usado com outro verbo para formar frases interrogativas e negativas, usado no final de uma frase para formar a forma interrogativa, usado para evitar a repetição de um verbo que já foi usado anteriormente…
in German Hilfsverb in Fragen und bei Verneinung, Hilfsverb zur Betonung, statt Wiederholung des Verbs…
in Catalan s’utilitza amb un altre verb per a formar frases interrogatives i negatives, s’afegeix conjugat al final d’una frase per a convertir-la en una pregunta, s’utilitza per a evitar repetir el verb que s’acaba d’esmentar…
in Japanese (疑問文や否定文で一般動詞の代わりに使われる)~ですか、~ではない, (付加疑問文を作る)~ですね, (動詞の反復を避けるために使う)(人、もの)も/が~だ…
in Chinese (Simplified) 用于疑问句/否定句, (与另一动词连用构成疑问句和否定句,包括倒装句,有时因文体原因亦可用于肯定句), (在用来确认信息的疑问句中代替主要动词)…
(Definition of do auxiliary verb, verb, noun from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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