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English definition of “example”

example

noun [C] uk   /ɪɡˈzɑːm.pl̩/ us    /-ˈzæm-/

example noun [C] (TYPICAL CASE)

A1 something that is typical of the group of things that it is a member of: Could you give me an example of the improvements you have mentioned? This painting is a marvellous example of her work.
See also
A1 a way of helping someone to understand something by showing them how it is used: Study the examples first of all, then attempt the exercises on the next page. for example A1 used when giving an example of the type of thing you mean: Offices can easily become more environmentally-friendly by, for example, using recycled paper.

example noun [C] (BEHAVIOUR)

B2 a person or a way of behaving that is considered suitable to be copied: He's a very good example to the rest of the class. He's decided to follow the example of his father and study law.

example noun [C] (PUNISHMENT)

a punishment that is intended to warn others against doing the thing that is being punished, or a person who receives such a punishment: The judge made an example of him and gave him the maximum possible sentence.
(Definition of example from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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