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English definition of “future”


noun (TIME TO COME)    /ˈfjuː.tʃər/ US  /-tʃɚ/
the future [S] B1 a period of time that is to come: Sometimes I worry about the future. I wonder what the future holds for (= what will happen to) you and me. I'm sure at some point in the future I'll want a baby. We need to plan for the future. Do you plan to leave London in the distant future or the near future? I can see those two getting married in the not too distant future (= quite soon).In the future and soon A2 language the form of a verb that you use when talking about something that will happen or exist: In the sentence 'Who will take care of the dog?' the verb phrase 'will look' is in the future.Verb forms, tenses and types of verbs C2 [C] what will happen to someone or something in the time that is to come: Torn apart by war, its economy virtually destroyed, this country now faces a very uncertain future. She's a very talented young singer, Mike, and I personally think she's got a great future ahead of her! The future isn't looking too rosy for these companies.In the future and soon B1 [S or U] the chance of continuing success or existence for something: With falling audiences, the future of this theatre is in doubt.Success and achievementsHigher and lower points of achievementFailures in future mainly UK (US usually in the future) B1 used at the beginning or end of a sentence in which there is a decision about a plan of action or a warning: Could you be more careful in future? In future I won't bother asking him out anywhere if he's just going to complain that he's bored! In future I'm going to check every single piece of work that you do!Starting from a particular time Grammar:FutureThere is no future tense in English. We use several different ways to talk about the future. The most common are:See moreGrammar:Future: be going to (I am going to work)See moreGrammar:Be going to: formWe use be going to + the base form of the verb:See moreGrammar:Be going to: usesBe going to is commonly used in informal styles.See moreGrammar:Gonna (informal contexts)See moreGrammar:Be going to or will?Will is often used in a similar way to be going to. Will is used when we are talking about something with absolute certainty. Be going to is used when we want to emphasise our decision or the evidence in the present:See moreGrammar:Future: present continuous to talk about the future (I’m working tomorrow)The present continuous can refer to the future. It shows that we have already decided something and usually that we have already made a plan or arrangements:See moreGrammar:Future: present simple to talk aboutthe future (I work tomorrow)The present simple is used to refer to events in the future which are certain because they are facts, or because there is a clear or fixed schedule or timetable:See moreGrammar:Future: will and shallSee moreGrammar:Future continuous (I will be working)See moreGrammar:Future continuous: formWe use will/shall + be + the -ing form of the verb.See moreGrammar:Future continuous: useWe use the future continuous to refer to temporary actions and events that will be in progress at a particular time in the future:See moreGrammar:Future in the pastWhen we talk about the past, we sometimes want to refer to something which was in the future at the time we were speaking. We use past verb forms to do this:See moreGrammar:Future: other expressions to talk about the futureWe use a number of expressions with main verb be when we refer to the future, especially the immediate future.See moreGrammar:Be about toWe use be about to + base form of the verb to refer to things that we expect to happen very soon. We often use it with just, for emphasis:See moreGrammar:Be on the point ofWe can also use be on the point of + -ing form to refer to things that we expect to happen very soon. Be on the point of is similar to be just about to:See moreGrammar:Be due toWe use be due to + base form of the verb to talk about things that are scheduled:See moreGrammar:Be toBe to + base form of the verb has a number of meanings. It is rather formal.See moreGrammar:Future: typical errorsWe don’t use the present continuous when we predict something:See more
(Definition of future noun (TIME TO COME) from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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