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English definition of “future”


adjective [before noun]     /ˈfjuː.tʃər/ US  /-tʃɚ/
B1 happening or existing in the future: Of course we'll keep you up to date with any future developments. There's an old superstition that young girls going to bed on this night dream of their future husbands.In the future and soon language The future form of a verb is used when talking about something that will happen or exist: How do you say that in the future tense?Verb forms, tenses and types of verbs for future reference used when you tell someone something so that it will be known about and can be used in the future: For future reference, could you use the headed paper for any correspondence that leaves this office?Starting from a particular time Grammar:FutureThere is no future tense in English. We use several different ways to talk about the future. The most common are:See moreGrammar:Future: be going to (I am going to work)See moreGrammar:Be going to: formWe use be going to + the base form of the verb:See moreGrammar:Be going to: usesBe going to is commonly used in informal styles.See moreGrammar:Gonna (informal contexts)See moreGrammar:Be going to or will?Will is often used in a similar way to be going to. Will is used when we are talking about something with absolute certainty. Be going to is used when we want to emphasise our decision or the evidence in the present:See moreGrammar:Future: present continuous to talk about the future (I’m working tomorrow)The present continuous can refer to the future. It shows that we have already decided something and usually that we have already made a plan or arrangements:See moreGrammar:Future: present simple to talk aboutthe future (I work tomorrow)The present simple is used to refer to events in the future which are certain because they are facts, or because there is a clear or fixed schedule or timetable:See moreGrammar:Future: will and shallSee moreGrammar:Future continuous (I will be working)See moreGrammar:Future continuous: formWe use will/shall + be + the -ing form of the verb.See moreGrammar:Future continuous: useWe use the future continuous to refer to temporary actions and events that will be in progress at a particular time in the future:See moreGrammar:Future in the pastWhen we talk about the past, we sometimes want to refer to something which was in the future at the time we were speaking. We use past verb forms to do this:See moreGrammar:Future: other expressions to talk about the futureWe use a number of expressions with main verb be when we refer to the future, especially the immediate future.See moreGrammar:Be about toWe use be about to + base form of the verb to refer to things that we expect to happen very soon. We often use it with just, for emphasis:See moreGrammar:Be on the point ofWe can also use be on the point of + -ing form to refer to things that we expect to happen very soon. Be on the point of is similar to be just about to:See moreGrammar:Be due toWe use be due to + base form of the verb to talk about things that are scheduled:See moreGrammar:Be toBe to + base form of the verb has a number of meanings. It is rather formal.See moreGrammar:Future: typical errorsWe don’t use the present continuous when we predict something:See more
(Definition of future adjective from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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