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English definition of “incumbent”

incumbent

adjective uk   /ɪnˈkʌm.bənt/ us  
[before noun] officially having the named position: The incumbent president faces problems which began many years before he took office.
be incumbent on/upon sb formal to be necessary for someone: She felt it incumbent upon/on her to raise the subject at their meeting.

incumbent

noun [C] uk   /ɪnˈkʌm.bənt/ us  
the person who has or had a particular official position: the first/last/previous incumbent The present incumbent (of the post) is due to retire next month.
(Definition of incumbent from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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