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English definition of “parentheses”

parentheses

noun [plural] uk   /pəˈren.θə.siːz/ mainly US (UK usually brackets) us  
the symbols ( ) that are put around a word, phrase, or sentence in a piece of writing to show that what is inside them should be considered as separate from the main part: The students' first names are shown in parentheses, like this: Baker (Tina).
(Definition of parentheses from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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