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English definition of “participle”

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participle

noun [C] uk   /pɑːˈtɪs.ɪ.pl̩/ us    /ˈpɑːr.tɪ.sɪ-/
the form of a verb that usually ends in "ed" or "ing" and is used as an adjective: In the sentences "He's sleeping" and "I've already eaten", the words "sleeping" and "eaten" are both participles.
More examples
  • The past participle of 'cook' is 'cooked'.
  • In Standard American, 'gotten' is used as a past participle of 'get'.
(Definition of participle from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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