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English definition of “passive”

passive

adjective uk   /ˈpæs.ɪv/ us  

passive adjective (BEHAVIOUR)

B2 often disapproving not acting to influence or change a situation; allowing other people to be in control: He's very passive in the relationship. Traditionally in the church women have been confined to more passive roles.
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Passive and not working

passive adjective (GRAMMAR)

B1 specialized language describes the form of a verb used when the grammatical subject is the person or thing that experiences the effect of an action, rather than the person or thing that causes the effect: 'He was released from prison' is a passive sentence.Verb forms, tenses and types of verbs
passively
adverb uk   /-li/ us  
He tends to wait passively for his boss to tell him what to do.Passive and not working
Grammar

passive

noun [S] uk   /ˈpæs.ɪv/ specialized us  
the passive B1 the form of a verb used when the grammatical subject is the person or thing that experiences the effect of an action, rather than the person or thing which causes the effect: When changed into the passive, 'The dog chased the cat' becomes 'The cat was chased by the dog'.
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Verb forms, tenses and types of verbs
Grammar
(Definition of passive from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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