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English definition of “relative”

relative

noun [C] uk   /ˈrel.ə.tɪv/ us    /-t̬ɪv/
B1 a member of your family: I don't have many blood relatives (= people related to me by birth rather than by marriage). All her close/distant relatives came to the wedding.

relative

adjective uk   /ˈrel.ə.tɪv/ us    /-t̬ɪv/ formal

relative adjective (COMPARING)

C1 being judged or measured in comparison with something else: We weighed up the relative advantages of driving there or going by train. true to a particular degree when compared with other things: Since I got a job, I've been living in relative comfort (= more comfort than before).

relative adjective (CONNECTED)

relative to C2 If something is relative to something else, it changes according to the speed or level of the other thing: The amount of petrol a car uses is relative to its speed. If something is relative to a particular subject, it is connected with it: Are these documents relative to the discussion?
(Definition of relative from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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