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English definition of “rough”

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rough

adjective uk   /rʌf/ us  

rough adjective (NOT EVEN)

B1 not even or smooth, often because of being in bad condition: It was a rough mountain road, full of stones and huge holes.B1 If a surface such as paper or skin is rough, it does not feel smooth when you touch it: My hands get very rough in the cold. Rough ground is ground that is not used for any particular purpose, is not even, and is full of wild plants.
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rough adjective (NOT EXACT)

B1 [before noun] not exact or detailed: The builder did a rough sketch of how the new stairs would look. This is only a rough guess. She made a rough estimate/calculation of the likely cost. The tests are a rough guide to students' progress.
Synonym
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rough adjective (POOR QUALITY)

used to describe an alcoholic drink, especially wine, that tastes cheap and often strong not made in a careful or expensive way: I made a rough table out of some old boxes.

rough adjective (SOUND)

A rough voice or sound is hard and loud. If a machine sounds rough, it is making a noise because it is in bad condition.

rough adjective (VIOLENT)

B2 dangerous or violent: a rough area of town The other boys were rough, always looking for a fight.

rough adjective (STORMY)

B2 (of the weather or the sea) having strong winds or big waves: I'm always seasick if the water/wind/sea/weather is rough.

rough adjective (DIFFICULT)

B2 difficult or unpleasant: He's had a rough time/month/year, what with the divorce and then his father dying. It must be rough to have two kids and nowhere to live.

rough adjective (ILL)

[after verb] UK ill: You look a bit rough - how much did you have to drink last night?
roughness
noun [U] uk   /ˈrʌf.nəs/ us  

rough

verb uk   /rʌf/ us  
rough it informal to live temporarily in basic and uncomfortable conditions: While the house was being decorated we roughed it in a tent.

rough

noun uk   /rʌf/ us  

rough noun (DRAWING)

[C] a first quick drawing of somethingin rough simple and without details: His first plans were drawn up in rough.

rough noun (VIOLENT PERSON)

[C] a violent person: a gang of drunken young roughs

rough noun (IN GOLF)

the rough in golf, an area of ground with long grass: My ball landed in the rough.

rough

adverb uk   /rʌf/ us  

rough adverb (VIOLENTLY)

forcefully or violently: The Hull team had a bad reputation for playing rough.

rough adverb (OUTSIDE)

live/sleep rough to live outside not in a house, and sleep on the ground: When we ran out of money, we slept rough for a week.
(Definition of rough from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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