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English definition of “rough”

rough

adjective uk   /rʌf/ us  

rough adjective (NOT EVEN)

B1 not even or smooth, often because of being in bad condition: It was a rough mountain road, full of stones and huge holes. B1 If a surface such as paper or skin is rough, it does not feel smooth when you touch it: My hands get very rough in the cold. Rough ground is ground that is not used for any particular purpose, is not even, and is full of wild plants.

rough adjective (NOT EXACT)

B1 [before noun] not exact or detailed: The builder did a rough sketch of how the new stairs would look. This is only a rough guess. She made a rough estimate/calculation of the likely cost. The tests are a rough guide to students' progress.
Synonym

rough adjective (POOR QUALITY)

describes an alcoholic drink, especially wine, that tastes cheap and often strong not made in a careful or expensive way: I made a rough table out of some old boxes.

rough adjective (SOUND)

A rough voice or sound is hard and loud. If a machine sounds rough, it is making a noise because it is in bad condition.

rough adjective (VIOLENT)

B2 dangerous or violent: a rough area of town The other boys were rough, always looking for a fight.

rough adjective (STORMY)

B2 (of the weather or the sea) having strong winds or big waves: I'm always seasick if the water/wind/sea/weather is rough.

rough adjective (DIFFICULT)

B2 difficult or unpleasant: He's had a rough time/month/year, what with the divorce and then his father dying. It must be rough to have two kids and nowhere to live.

rough adjective (ILL)

[after verb] UK ill: You look a bit rough - how much did you have to drink last night?
roughness
noun [U] uk   /ˈrʌf.nəs/ us  

rough

verb uk   /rʌf/ us  
rough it informal to live temporarily in basic and uncomfortable conditions: While the house was being decorated we roughed it in a tent.

rough

noun uk   /rʌf/ us  

rough noun (DRAWING)

[C] a first quick drawing of something in rough simple and without details: His first plans were drawn up in rough.

rough noun (VIOLENT PERSON)

[C] a violent person: a gang of drunken young roughs

rough noun (IN GOLF)

the rough in golf, an area of ground with long grass: My ball landed in the rough.

rough

adverb uk   /rʌf/ us  

rough adverb (VIOLENTLY)

forcefully or violently: The Hull team had a bad reputation for playing rough.

rough adverb (OUTSIDE)

live/sleep rough to live outside not in a house, and sleep on the ground: When we ran out of money, we slept rough for a week.
(Definition of rough from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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