rough - definition in the British English Dictionary & Thesaurus - Cambridge Dictionaries Online (US)

Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

English definition of “rough”

See all translations

rough

adjective uk   us   /rʌf/

rough adjective (NOT EVEN)

B1 not even or smooth, often because of being in bad condition: It was a rough mountain road, full of stones and huge holes.B1 If a surface such as paper or skin is rough, it does not feel smooth when you touch it: My hands get very rough in the cold. Rough ground is ground that is not used for any particular purpose, is not even, and is full of wild plants.
More examples

rough adjective (NOT EXACT)

B1 [before noun] not exact or detailed: The builder did a rough sketch of how the new stairs would look. This is only a rough guess. She made a rough estimate/calculation of the likely cost. The tests are a rough guide to students' progress.
Synonym
More examples

rough adjective (POOR QUALITY)

used to describe an alcoholic drink, especially wine, that tastes cheap and often strong not made in a careful or expensive way: I made a rough table out of some old boxes.

rough adjective (SOUND)

A rough voice or sound is hard and loud. If a machine sounds rough, it is making a noise because it is in bad condition.

rough adjective (VIOLENT)

B2 dangerous or violent: a rough area of town The other boys were rough, always looking for a fight.

rough adjective (STORMY)

B2 (of the weather or the sea) having strong winds or big waves: I'm always seasick if the water/wind/sea/weather is rough.

rough adjective (DIFFICULT)

B2 difficult or unpleasant: He's had a rough time/month/year, what with the divorce and then his father dying. It must be rough to have two kids and nowhere to live.

rough adjective (ILL)

[after verb] UK ill: You look a bit rough - how much did you have to drink last night?
roughness
noun [U] uk   us   /ˈrʌf.nəs/

rough

verb uk   us   /rʌf/
rough it informal to live temporarily in basic and uncomfortable conditions: While the house was being decorated we roughed it in a tent.

rough

noun uk   us   /rʌf/

rough noun (DRAWING)

[C] a first quick drawing of somethingin rough simple and without details: His first plans were drawn up in rough.

rough noun (VIOLENT PERSON)

[C] a violent person: a gang of drunken young roughs

rough noun (IN GOLF)

the rough in golf, an area of ground with long grass: My ball landed in the rough.

rough

adverb uk   us   /rʌf/

rough adverb (VIOLENTLY)

forcefully or violently: The Hull team had a bad reputation for playing rough.

rough adverb (OUTSIDE)

live/sleep rough to live outside not in a house, and sleep on the ground: When we ran out of money, we slept rough for a week.
(Definition of rough from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
What is the pronunciation of rough?
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website

Definitions of “rough” in other dictionaries

Word of the Day

Morse code

a system used for sending messages, in which letters and numbers are represented by short and long marks, sounds, or flashes of light

Word of the Day

The language of elections

by Liz Walter,
April 22, 2015
On May 7th, citizens of the UK will be going to the polls (having an election) to decide who will form the next government. This kind of election is known as a general election. The country is divided into 650 areas, called constituencies. Each constituency elects a member of parliament (MP) to

Read More 

e-juice noun

April 27, 2015
the liquid content in an e-cigarette, which includes nicotine and may be flavoured in various ways Cannabidiol oil that comes from industrial hemp plants, which is what is infused into our e-juice, is 100 per cent legal.

Read More