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English definition of “sentence”

sentence

noun [C] uk   /ˈsen.təns/ us  

sentence noun [C] (WORD GROUP)

A1 a group of words, usually containing a verb, which expresses a thought in the form of a statement, question, instruction, or exclamation and starts with a capital letter when written: He's very impatient and always interrupts me mid-sentence. Your conclusion is good, but the final sentence is too long and complicated.Sentences and expressions

sentence noun [C] (PUNISHMENT)

B2 a punishment given by a judge in court to a person or organization after they have been found guilty of doing something wrong: He got a heavy/light sentence (= he was severely/not severely punished). The offence carries a jail/prison/life/five-year sentence. He was given a non-custodial/suspended sentence.Punishing and punishmentsPunishing by causing painHitting and beating pronounce sentence (of a judge) to say officially what a punishment will be: The judge will pronounce sentence on the defendant this afternoon.Judges and juries

sentence

verb [T] uk   /ˈsen.təns/ specialized us  
B2 to decide and say officially what a punishment will be: He was sentenced to life imprisonment.Judges and juries
(Definition of sentence from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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