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English definition of “state”

state

noun uk   /steɪt/ us  

state noun (CONDITION)

B2 [C] a condition or way of being that exists at a particular time: The building was in a state of disrepair. She was found wandering in a confused state (of mind). Give me the keys - you're in no fit state to drive. After the accident I was in a state of shock. I came home to an unhappy state of affairs (= situation). The kitchen was in its original state, with a 1920s sink and stove. the state of play UK the present situation: The article provides a useful summary of the current state of play in the negotiations.

state noun (COUNTRY)

C1 [C or U] a country or its government: The drought is worst in the central African states. Britain is one of the member states of the European Union. The government was determined to reduce the number of state-owned industries. Some theatres receive a small amount of funding from the state.formal His diary included comments on affairs/matters of state (= information about government activities). B1 [C] a part of a large country with its own government, such as in Germany, Australia, or the US: Alaska is the largest state in the US. Representatives are elected from each state. the States informal used to refer to the US in state If a king, queen, or government leader does something in state, they do it in a formal way as part of an official ceremony: The Queen rode in state to the opening of Parliament.

state

verb [T] uk   /steɪt/ formal us  
B2 to say or write something, especially clearly and carefully: Our warranty clearly states the limits of our liability. [+ (that)] Union members stated (that) they were unhappy with the proposal. [+ question word] Please state why you wish to apply for this grant. Children in the stated (= named) areas were at risk from a lack of food, the report said.

state

adjective [before noun] uk   /steɪt/ us  
B2 provided, created, or done by the state (= government of a country): state education/industries state legislature/law state control state funding/pensions/subsidies State events are formal official ceremonies that involve a leader of a country or someone who represents the government: the state opening of Parliament a state funeral
(Definition of state from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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