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English definition of “there”

there

adverb (INTRODUCING SUBJECT)    /ðeər/ US  /ðer/
A1 used to introduce the subject of a sentence , especially before the verbs be, seem , and appear : There's someone on the phone for you. There's no doubt who is the best candidate . I took out my wallet but there was no money in it. By the time I got back, there was no food left . There appeared / seemed to be some difficulty in fixing a date for the meeting .not standard There's (= there are) lives at stake and we can't afford to take any risks .Connecting words joining words or phrases with similar or related meanings literary used to begin some children's stories written in a traditional style : There once was/ lived a poor widow who had a beautiful daughter .Connecting words joining words or phrases with similar or related meanings Grammar:Dummy subjectsEnglish clauses which are not imperatives must have a subject. Sometimes we need to use a ‘dummy’ or ‘empty’ or ‘artificial’ subject when there is no subject attached to the verb, and where the real subject is somewhere else in the clause. It and there are the two dummy subjects used in English:Grammar:It as a dummy subjectWe often use it as a dummy subject with adjectives and their complements:Grammar:There as a dummy subjectThere operates as a dummy subject in the construction there is or there are. There is/are indicates that something or someone exists or is in a particular place or situation:Grammar:Here and thereHere and there are adverbs.Grammar:Here and there: meaningsWhen we use here, it typically refers to the place where the speaker is, and we see the position of people and things from the speaker’s point of view:Grammar:Here and there with this, that, these, those (demonstratives)We often use here with nouns that have this or these before them, and there with nouns that have that or those before them:Grammar:Here and there after prepositionsWe can use here and there after prepositions:Grammar:Here and there in front positionWe can use here and there in front position, with the subject and verb inverted. The most common expressions of this type are here is x, here comes x, there is x, there goes x:Grammar:Here you are, there you areWe can use here you are and there you are (or, in informal situations, here you go and there you go) when giving something to someone. Here and there have the same meaning in this use:Grammar:Here it is!There he is!We often use here + subject pronoun + be and there + subject pronoun + be at the moment of finding or meeting someone or something we have been looking for or waiting for:Grammar:Here I am!People often say that they have arrived or that someone else has arrived using here + subject pronoun + be:Grammar:Here: on the telephonePeople often use here to identify themselves on the telephone or in voicemail messages:Grammar:Hello there!We often use there in informal situations after hello and hi:Grammar:There, their or they’re?There, their and they’re are commonly confused in English, as they sound the same.Grammar:There is, there’s and there areWe use there is and there are when we first refer to the existence or presence of someone or something:Grammar:It to create focusWhen we use it at the beginning of a clause, the subject can go at the end of the clause and therefore be in the position of focus or emphasis (underlined):Grammar:There to create focusWe can use there at the start of a clause as a type of indefinite subject. This means that we can put the actual subject at the end of the clause and so give it emphasis or focus (underlined below):Grammar:Noun forms of verbs to create focusIn formal writing, especially academic writing, we can use a noun form of a verb as a subject. By doing this, extra focus is given to the end of the clause. Noun phrase subjects (topics) are in bold type below; the focus of each sentence is underlined:
(Definition of there adverb (INTRODUCING SUBJECT) from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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