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English definition of “to”

to

preposition (FUTURE)    strong /tuː/ weak // /tu/ // US  //
used before an infinitive, usually with 'be', to indicate a future action: The government announced today that it is to cut funding for the arts for next year. → See also to-beVerb forms, tenses and types of verbs used in this pattern to say what someone should do or to give an order: You're not to (= you must not) bite your nails like that. Newspapers often use to + infinitive without 'be' in their headlines (= titles of articles) when reporting planned future events: France to send troops in.Verb forms, tenses and types of verbs to-beGrammar:No or not?No and not are the two most common words we use to indicate negation. We use no before a noun phrase:See moreGrammar:NounsNouns are one of the four major word classes, along with verbs, adjectives and adverbs. Nouns are the largest word class.See moreGrammar:ToTo is a preposition. It is also used as part of the infinitive (the to-infinitive):See moreGrammar:To as a preposition: destination or directionWe can use to as a preposition to indicate a destination or direction:See moreGrammar:To as a preposition: receiver of an actionWe use to with verbs such as give, hand, send, write, to indicate the person or thing that receives or experiences the object of the verb:See moreGrammar:To as a preposition: timeWe use to in telling the time, when we refer to the number of minutes before the hour:See moreGrammar:To as a preposition: approximate numbersWe can use to when we refer to an approximate number somewhere between a lower number and a higher number:See moreGrammar:To as a preposition: after nounsA number of nouns are followed by to. These include nouns expressing direction or destination such as door, entrance, road, route, way:See moreGrammar:To as a preposition: after verbsSome verbs are followed by the preposition to, including be used, get used, listen, look forward, object, reply, respond:See moreGrammar:To as a preposition: after adjectivesSome adjectives connected with people’s behaviour and feelings are followed by to, including cruel, faithful, generous, kind, loyal, nasty:See moreGrammar:To: the to-infinitiveWe use to before a verb to make the to-infinitive form:See more
(Definition of to preposition (FUTURE) from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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