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English definition of “up”

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up

adverb uk   /ʌp/ us  

up adverb (HIGHER)

A2 towards a higher position; towards a higher value, number, or level: Put those books up on the top shelf. A gravel road leads through the jungle and up into the Andes. Pushing the number of unit sales up every quarter can't be continued indefinitely. The water was up to/had come up to the level of the windows. out of the ground: He spent the afternoon digging carrots up.up and down B2 from a higher to a lower position repeatedly: My little daughter started jumping up and down with rage when she heard she couldn't go.
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up adverb (VERTICAL)

A1 in or into a vertical position: Would you stand up for a moment, I want to see how tall you are.
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up adverb (TOP)

A2 in a high position; at the top: Our boardroom is up on the 23rd floor. You can tell which way up the crates have to be because they all say "TOP".
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up adverb (NEAR)

B1 very near: Carrying a gun, he walked up to the cashier and demanded money. A limousine drew up (= parked) outside the hotel.
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up adverb (INCREASE)

B2 to a greater degree; in order to increase: The fire heats the room up (= makes it warmer) within minutes. Grandma always turns the TV up really loud because she can't hear very well. Try not to get worked up (= increasingly excited or angry), I'm sure we can sort the problem out.B2 If a level or amount is up, it has increased: The cost of car insurance is up, but not very much. Last year the company's turnover was $240 billion, up three percent on (= compared with) the previous year.
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up adverb (NOT IN BED)

B1 not in bed: It's time to get up now! Oh, I've been up all night, finishing my essay.up and about/around to be able to get out of bed and move around again after a period of illness, because your health has improved enough
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up adverb (EXIST)

into existence, view, or attention: Originally the charity was set up to help orphans in urban areas. Sorry darling, something unexpected has come up (= has happened) at the office, and I'll be home late. Coming up (= happening next) after the break, we have a man who claims he can communicate with fish. Would this be a good time to bring up the issue of salary?
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up adverb (EQUAL)

so as to be equal in quality, knowledge, or achievement: She couldn't go to school for a few weeks because of illness, but she'll be able to catch up (with her lessons) quickly. So much scientific research is being performed that it's virtually impossible to keep up (with all the new developments). US informal Kate and I were both playing well, and after ten minutes the score was 6 up (= 6 points each).
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up adverb (TOGETHER)

in a state of being together with other similar things: You've got half an hour to gather up anything you'll need for the journey. Add up the column of figures in your head and then tell me what the sum is.
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up adverb (TIGHTLY)

tightly or firmly in order to keep something safe or in position: Can you do my shoelaces up for me? Tie up the top of the bag so the rubbish doesn't fall out. You'd better wrap up (= wear warm clothes) - it's cold outside.
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up adverb (SMALLER)

broken or cut into smaller pieces; made smaller in area: He cut the letter up into a hundred pieces. She folded the newspaper up and put it in her bag. The car blew up (= exploded) when flames reached its fuel tank.
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up adverb (AGE)

to a greater age: No one said that growing up would be easy or painless. Many single parents struggle to bring their children up on a low income.
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up adverb (PROBLEM)

B1 [after verb] used when talking or asking about what is happening: Everyone was talking in whispers, and I could tell something was up (= something unusual was happening). What's up? (= What is happening or what is wrong?)

up adverb (FINISHED)

[after verb] When a period of time is up, it is finished: When the two hours were up nobody had answered all of the questions. Your time is up - it's someone else's turn on the training equipment now.

up adverb (IMPROVE)

into an improved position or state: By lap 26, Hamilton had moved up into second position. Stein had a bad start to the race, but by the ninth lap she was up with the leaders.
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up adverb (END)

B2 to an end, finish, or state of being complete: Finish up the old packet of biscuits before you open a new one. Crime won't help - you'll end up in prison. I'd like to round up the meeting by thanking all those who were able to attend at such short notice.

up adverb (DIRECTION)

towards the north or towards a more important place, especially a city: On Tuesday she'll be travelling up to Newcastle from Birmingham. She comes up from her village about once a month on the train.

up adverb (INTENDED)

up for sth intended, suggested, or being considered for something: That house at the end of our road is up for sale again. Are you really up for promotion?

up adverb (EAGER)

up for (doing) sth informal willing and able to do or take part in an activity: After a long day at work I wasn't really up for a party. We're going swimming. Are you up for it? I'm up for organizing the meeting if nobody else wants to do it.

up adverb (TRIAL)

[after verb] on trial in a court: If he doesn't pay the fine soon, he'll be up before the magistrate. Max is up for armed robbery.

up adverb (ROAD)

[after verb] UK When a road is up, it is being repaired and so is unsuitable for use: The council has got the road up because of a broken sewer.

up adverb (HAIR)

If someone's long hair is up, it is arranged on the top or back of the head: You look nice with your hair up.

up

preposition uk   /ʌp/ us  

up preposition (HIGHER)

A2 to or in a higher level or position: We followed her up the stairs to a large meeting room.
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up preposition (TOP)

at the top of: You'll find a dusty attic up these stairs. If you want Fred, he's up that ladder.
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up preposition (ALONG)

A2 (further) along: The car shot off up the road at high speed. They live just up the road.up and down B2 along the surface of something first in one direction and then in the opposite direction, usually repeatedly: He was running up and down the path, shouting.
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up preposition (ORIGIN)

towards the starting point of something, especially a river or stream: Rowing up (the) river against the current was very hard work.
See also

up preposition (TO)

UK not standard to or at: Are you going up the club tonight?

up

up

verb uk   /ʌp/ informal us  

up verb (INCREASE)

[T] (-pp-) to increase something such as a price: We won't be able to make a profit on the deal without upping the sale price. It looks like tax rates are going to be upped again.

up verb (GO AWAY)

up and ... used with another verb to emphasize that someone left a place or did something in a sudden and possibly unexpected way: After dinner they just upped and left/went without saying goodbye.
(Definition of up adverb, preposition, adjective, verb from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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