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English definition of “capital”

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capital

noun
 
 
/ˈkæpɪtəl/
[U] FINANCE, ECONOMICS money that is used for investment or for starting a business: attract/borrow/raise capital Low-tax policies are used by some countries to attract capital.invest/inject capital The UK parent company decided not to inject further capital into the failing business. foreign/private capital Investors are finding that there has been a satisfactory return on capital.
[U] ACCOUNTING, FINANCE the total amount of money and property that an individual or company owns: tie up/release capital Most of our capital is tied up in property.
[U] FINANCE, ECONOMICS money that is lent or borrowed and will have to be paid back: Our mortgage is interest-only, so we're not paying off any of the capital.
[U] ECONOMICS, POLITICS people who own the businesses, land, industries, and other forms of wealth in society, considered as a group: There's a real conflict arising between the demands of capital and labour.
[C] ( also capital city) the city where a country or state has its central government: What's the capital of China?
→  See also authorized share capital , called-up share capital , circulating capital , core capital , cost of capital , customer capital , debt capital , equity capital , fixed capital , flight capital , human capital , intellectual capital , knowledge capital , loan capital , nominal capital , operating capital , ordinary capital , paid-in capital , preference capital , preferred capital , return on capital , risk capital , share capital , social capital , Tier 2 capital , uncalled capital , venture capital , working capital
(Definition of capital from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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