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English definition of “penalize”

penalize

verb [T]     /ˈpiːnəlaɪz/
to treat someone or something in a way that gives them a disadvantage: The current tax system penalizes people on low incomes. The stock was penalized because Wall Street believed the company's financials would come in below expectations.
LAW to punish someone for failing to obey a rule, law, etc.: Several major cities are introducing measures that penalize big polluters.penalize sb for sth The legislation penalized China for manipulating its currency to gain trade advantages.
(Definition of penalize verb from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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