Translation of "have" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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haveauxiliary verb [ + past participle ]

uk strong /hæv/ weak /həv/ /əv/ us strong /hæv/ weak /həv/ /əv/ had, had also 've/'s

A2 used with the past participle of other verbs to form the present perfect and past perfect

I've heard that story before. 我以前听过那个故事。
Diane's already gone. 黛安娜已经走了。
John hasn't phoned. 约翰没有打过电话。
I haven't visited London before. 我以前没去过伦敦。
Have you seen Roz? 你见过罗兹吗?
Has she been invited? 她接到邀请了吗?
They still hadn't had any news when I spoke to them yesterday. 昨天我和他们交谈时他们仍没有收到任何消息。
formal Had I known (= if I had known) you were coming, I'd have booked a larger room. 要是知道你会来,我会订一个大一点的房间。

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uk strong /hæv/ /həv/ /əv/ us /hæv/ /həv/ /əv/ had

have verb (POSSESS)

A1 [ T not continuous ] also 've/'s, UK also have got to own

They have a beautiful home. 他们有一个漂亮的家。
He has plenty of money but no style. 他有很多钱但没有品位。
I've got two brothers. 我有两个兄弟。
Do you have time to finish the report today? 你今天有时间写完报告吗?
I've got a suggestion/an idea. 我有个建议/主意。
have the decency, good sense, etc. to do sth

to do one good thing, although you do other bad or silly things

At least he had the good sense to turn the gas off. 至少他还干了件好事,把煤气关了。
At least she had the decency to apologize. 至少她还道了歉。

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have verb (BE ILL)

A1 [ T ] UK also have got If you have a particular illness, you suffer from it.

Have you ever had measles? 你出过麻疹没有?
I've got a cold. 我感冒了。

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have verb (DO)

A2 [ T ] to perform the action mentioned

have a wash/bath/shower 冲澡/洗澡/洗淋浴
I had a swim. 我游了会儿泳。
We had a short walk after lunch. 午饭后我们散了一小会儿步。
I've never done it before but I'd like to have a try (= to try). 我以前从没做过,但我想试一试。
Why don't you have a rest? 你为什么不休息一下?

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have verb (EAT/DRINK)

A1 [ T ] to eat or drink something

I had prawns and rice for lunch. 我午饭吃的是大虾和米饭。
Can I have a drink of water? 我能喝口水吗?
When are we having dinner? 我们什么时候吃饭?

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have verb (RECEIVE/ALLOW)

[ T ] to receive, accept, or allow something to happen

Here, have some more coffee. 来,再喝点咖啡。
[ + to infinitive ] My mother's having visitors (to stay) next week. 我母亲下星期有客人(来住)。
Let me have the book back next week. 下星期把这本书还给我。
In the end they solved their problems and she had him back (= allowed him to come and live with her again). 最后他们解决了问题,她允许他回到自己身边。
I looked in all the shops for Worcestershire sauce but there was none to be had (= none that anyone could obtain). 我跑遍了所有的商店,可全都没有细绳可买。
I kept telling him that you were French but he wouldn't have it (= would not accept that it was true). 我反复跟他说你是法国人,可是他就是不肯相信。
[ + -ing verb ] I won't have those kids running all over my flowerbeds (= I refuse to allow them to do this). 我不允许那些孩子在我的花坛上跑来跑去。

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have verb (MAKE HAPPEN)

B1 [ T ] to cause something to happen or someone to do something

[ + past participle ] We're having the house painted next month. 下个月我们要油漆房子。
[ + infinitive without to ] If you wait, I'll have someone collect it for you. 如果你等一会儿的话,我会让人帮你去取的。
[ + obj + -ing verb ] The film soon had us crying. 电影开演后不久就让我们感动得哭泣了。
Gus will have it working in no time. 盖伊很快就会让它运转起来的。
She had her parents down (= invited them to stay) for a week in the summer. 夏天,她把父母接来住了一个星期。
We had the boat out (= went out in the boat) for the first time this week. 这是我们本周第一次乘船出游。
We often have friends over/round (= invite them to come) on a Saturday night. 周六晚上我们经常邀请朋友来家里作客。

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have verb (SUFFER)

B1 [ T + past participle ] to suffer something that someone does to you

She had her car stolen (= it was stolen) last week. 她的汽车上周被盗了。

have verb (EXPERIENCE)

A2 [ T ] to experience something

We're having a wonderful time here in Venice. 我们在威尼斯过得很愉快。
We didn't have any difficulty/problem finding the house. 我们没费什么周折就找到了房子。
He hasn't been having much luck recently. 他最近的运气不太好。

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have verb (BABY)

A2 [ T ] to give birth to a baby

Elaine had a baby girl yesterday. 伊莱恩昨天生了个女儿。
My mother had me at home. 我母亲是在家里生下我的。
be having a baby, twins, etc.

to be pregnant

I hear his wife's having a baby. 我听说他妻子怀孕了。

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have verb (SEX)

[ T not continuous ] mainly UK slang to have sex with someone

He asked me how many men I'd had. 他问我与多少男人有过性关系。

havemodal verb

uk strong /hæv/ /həv/ /əv/ us /hæv/ /həv/ /əv/
have (got) to do sth

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A2 to need to or be forced

I have to go to San Francisco tomorrow on business. 我明天得去曼彻斯特出差。
What time do you have to be there? 你得几点钟到那儿?
Do we have to finish this today? 我们今天必须把这事做完吗?
We'll have to start keeping detailed records. 我们不得不开始作详尽的记录。
Jackie's ill so they've had to change their plans. 杰基病了,因此他们不得不改变计划。

(Translation of “have” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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