Translation of "penalize" - English-Mandarin Chinese dictionary

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penalizeverb [ T ]

UK usually penalise uk /ˈpiː.nəl.aɪz/ us /ˈpiː.nəl.aɪz/

penalize verb [ T ] (CAUSE DISADVANTAGE)

to cause someone a disadvantage

使处于不利地位
The present tax system penalizes poor people. 现行税收制度对穷人不利。
The system should ensure that borrowers are not penalized by sudden rises in mortgage rates. 该计划应确保借款者不会因按揭贷款利率突然提高而陷入困境。

penalize verb [ T ] (PUNISH)

to punish someone for breaking a rule

(因犯规)处罚,惩罚
He was penalized early in the game for uunsportsmanlike conduct. 他在比赛开始不久因危险动作而受到处罚。

(Translation of “penalize” from the Cambridge English-Chinese (Simplified) Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)