Translation of "on" - English-Japanese dictionary

on

preposition uk /ɒn/ us /ɔn, ɑn/

A1 on a surface of something

(表面に接して)~の上に
I put the book on that shelf.
He stepped on my foot.

A1 covering, touching, attached to, or hanging from something

~にくっついて
You have blood on your shirt.
Which finger do you wear your ring on?

A1 used to show the date or day when something happens

(日にち、曜日)に
He will arrive on 14 February.
I have to work on Saturday.

A2 used to refer to a place when giving directions

(位置)で、に
Take the first turning on the right.
Our house is the second on the left after the stop sign.

A2 in a particular place

(特定の所)で、に
See the diagram on page 22.
I met her on a ship.

A2 being broadcast or presented

放送中で, 上演中で
What’s on TV tonight?

A2 used to show what money or time is used for

(お金を使う対象)に
She refuses to spend more than £40 on a pair of shoes.
We’ve wasted too much time on this already.

A2 used to show some methods of travelling

(手段)で
Did you go over on the ferry?

B1 about

~について

B1 next to or along the side of

(場所)に沿って, (場所)の近くに
The bank is on Maple Street.
Cambridge is on the River Cam.
Cincinnati is on the Ohio River.

B1 using something

(器具)で
I spoke to Dad on the phone.
I was working on my computer.
adverb uk /ɒn/ us /ɔn, ɑn/

A2 working or being used

(機械などが)作動して
He left the computer on all day.
Is this microphone on?

A2 If you have something on, you are wearing it.

身に着けて
She has a black coat on.
Why don’t you put / your new dress on?

B1 into a bus, train, plane, etc.

(乗り物に)乗って
Amy got on at Paddington Station.

happening or planned

予定どおりで
Is the party still on?
I’ve got a lot on at the moment.
What’s on at the cinema?

being broadcast or presented

放送中で, 上演中で

used to show that an action or event continues

続けて
on and off

If something happens on and off during a period of time, it happens sometimes.

断続的に
They’ve been seeing each other on and off since Christmas.

(Translation of “on” from the Cambridge English–Japanese Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)