Translation of "on" - English-Russian dictionary

on

preposition uk us /ɒn/
SURFACE

A1 on a surface of something

на
We put all of our medicine on a high shelf.
PLACE

A2 in a particular place

на
the diagram on page 22
I met her on a ship.
RECORDING/PERFORMANCE

A2 used to show the way in which something is recorded or performed

по, на
What's on television tonight?
TOUCHING

B2 used to show what happens as a result of touching something

указывает на причину, способ, передается твор. падежом
I cut myself on a knife.
SUBJECT

B1 about

о, по
MONEY/TIME

A2 used to show what money or time is used for

на
I've wasted too much time on this already.
She refuses to spend more than £20 on a pair of shoes.
NEXT TO

B1 next to or along the side of

на, у
The post office is on Bateman Street.
DATE/DAY

A1 used to show the date or day when something happens

указывает на определенный день - в, на, указывает на дату - передается род. падежом
He's due to arrive on 14 February.
I'm working on my birthday.
USING

B1 using something

по, на
I spoke to Mum on the phone.
AFTER

happening after something and often because of it

после, по, как только
The Prince was informed on his return to the UK.
TRANSPORT

A2 used to show some methods of travelling

на, в
Did you go over on the ferry?
FOOD/FUEL/DRUGS

B2 used to show something that is used as food, fuel, or a drug

на
This radio runs on batteries.
I can't drink wine because I'm on antibiotics.
be on a committee/panel, etc

to be a member of a group or organization

быть членом комитета/жюри и т. д.
She's on the playgroup committee.
have/carry sth on you

to have something with you

иметь/носить что-либо с собой
Do you have your driving licence on you?
be on me/him, etc informal

used to show who is paying for something

я плачу/он платит и т. д.
This meal is on me.

(Translation of “on preposition” from the Cambridge English–Russian Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)