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Russian translation of “on”

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on

preposition
 
 
/ɒn/
SURFACE A1 on a surface of something
на
We put all of our medicine on a high shelf.On or offGeneral location and orientation
PLACE A2 in a particular place
на
the diagram on page 22 I met her on a ship.On or offGeneral location and orientation
RECORDING/PERFORMANCE A2 used to show the way in which something is recorded or performed
по, на
What's on television tonight?Recording sounds and images
TOUCHING B2 used to show what happens as a result of touching something
указывает на причину, способ, передается твор. падежом
I cut myself on a knife.
SUBJECT B1 about
о, по
a book on pregnancyRegarding and concerningLinking and relating
MONEY/TIME A2 used to show what money or time is used for
на
I've wasted too much time on this already. She refuses to spend more than £20 on a pair of shoes.
NEXT TO B1 next to or along the side of
на, у
The post office is on Bateman Street.On or offGeneral location and orientationNext to and beside
DATE/DAY A1 used to show the date or day when something happens
указывает на определенный день - в, на, указывает на дату - передается род. падежом
He's due to arrive on 14 February. I'm working on my birthday.Describing when something happened or will happen
USING B1 using something
по, на
I spoke to Mum on the phone.Using and misusing
AFTER happening after something and often because of it
после, по, как только
The Prince was informed on his return to the UK.Describing when something happened or will happen
TRANSPORT A2 used to show some methods of travelling
на, в
Did you go over on the ferry? Sam loves travelling on buses.Travelling
FOOD/FUEL/DRUGS B2 used to show something that is used as food, fuel, or a drug
на
This radio runs on batteries. I can't drink wine because I'm on antibiotics.Using and misusing
be on a committee/panel, etc to be a member of a group or organization
быть членом комитета/жюри и т. д.
She's on the playgroup committee.Employees and colleagues
have/carry sth on you to have something with you
иметь/носить что-либо с собой
Do you have your driving licence on you?Having and owning - general words
be on me/him, etc informal used to show who is paying for something
я плачу/он платит и т. д.
This meal is on me.Paying and spending money
(Definition of on preposition from the Cambridge English-Russian Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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