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Spanish translation of “do”

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verb /duː/ ( 3rd person singular present tense does /daz/, past tense did /did/, past participle done /dan/, negative short forms don’t /dount/, doesn’t /ˈdaznt/, didn’t /ˈdidnt/)
used with a more important verb in questions and negative statements
Do you smoke? I don’t know where he lives.
used with a more important verb for emphasis; /I did buy a ticket but I must have lost it; , Do sit down/
used to avoid repeating a verb which comes immediately before
I thought she wouldn’t come, but she did.
used with a more important verb after seldom, rarely and little
Little did he know what was in store for him.
to carry out or perform
What shall I do? That was a terrible thing to do.
to manage to finish or complete
When you’ve done that, you can start on this We did a hundred kilometres in an hour.
to perform an activity concerning something
I’ve still got to do the washing We need to do the garden – it’s becoming overgrown.
to be enough or suitable for a purpose
servir, ir bien, ser suficiente
Will this piece of fish do two of us? That’ll do nicely Do you want me to look for a blue one or will a pink one do? Will next Saturday do for our next meeting?
to work at or study
hacer, dedicarse, estudiar
She’s doing sums He’s at university doing science.
to manage or prosper
How’s your wife doing? My son is doing well at school.
to put in order or arrange
She’s doing her hair.
to act or behave
hacer, comportarse, actuar
Why don’t you do as we do?
to give or show
The whole town gathered to do him honour.
to cause
causar, hacer
What damage did the storm do? It won’t do him any harm.
to see everything and visit everything in
They tried to do London in four days.
doer noun a person who does something
persona emprendedora/dinámica; malvado (evildoer)
an evildoer a doer of good deeds.
doings noun plural the things which a person does
obras, hechos, acciones
He tells me about all your doings.
done /dan/ adjective finished or complete
acabado, cumplido
That’s that job done at last.
(of food) completely cooked and ready to eat
I don’t think the meat is quite done yet.
socially accepted
que se acepta, que se hace
It’s not the done thing to ask someone how much they earn.
do-it-yourself noun (of) the art or practice of doing one’s own decorating, repairs etc (also DIY)
I’ve just bought a book on do-it-yourself so I can try to tile the bathroom (also adjective) a do-it-yourself job.
to-do a fuss
follón, lío, jaleo
There has been a tremendous to-do about the missing papers.
I/he etc could be doing with / could do with it would be better if I, he etc had or did (something)
I could do with a cup of coffee.
do away with phrasal verb to get rid of
abolir, suprimir, eliminar, acabar con
They did away with uniforms at that school years ago.
do for phrasal verb to kill or cause the end of
acabar con, matar
That attack of flu almost did for him.
done for adjective (informal ) ruined, defeated or about to be killed etc
estar perdido
The police are coming – run for it or we’re done for!
done in adjective (informal) exhausted
estar agotado/exhausto/destrozado/reventado
He felt completely done in after runnng for the bus.
do out phrasal verb (informal) to clean thoroughly
limpiar a fondo
The room’s tidy – I did it out yesterday.
do out of phrasal verb (informal ) to prevent from getting, especially by using dishonest methods
quitar, birlar
My boss tried to do me out of a day’s holiday.
do’s and don’ts /dounts/ rules or advice for action
reglas, normas
If you want to lose weight, I can give you a list of do’s and don’ts.
do without phrasal verb to manage without and accept the lack of
pasar sin, arreglárselas sin, prescindir de
We’ll just have to do without a phone If you’re too lazy to fetch the ice cream, you can just do without I can do without your opinion, if you don’t mind.
to do with (with have) to have dealings with
relacionarse con
I never had anything to do with the neighbours.
(with have) to be involved in, especially to be (partly) responsible for
tener que ver con
The police asked him if he had had anything to do with the robbery.
(with have) to be connected with
tener que ver con
Has this decision anything to do with what I said yesterday?
(with beor have) to be about or concerned with
tratarse de
This letter is/has to do with Bill’s plans for the summer.
(with have) to be the concern of
tener que ver con
I’m sorry, but that question has nothing to do with me What has that (got) to do with him?
what are you etc doing with why or how have you etc got
qué estás etc haciendo con
What are you doing with my umbrella?
what action are you etc taking about
qué haces etc con
What are they doing with the children during the day if they’re both working?
(Definition of do from the Password English-Spanish Dictionary © 2013 K Dictionaries Ltd)
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