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Definition of “antecedent” - English Dictionary

"antecedent" in American English

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antecedentnoun [C usually pl]

 us   /ˌæn·təˈsi·dənt/
something existing or happening before, esp. as the cause of an event or situation: The book dealt with the historical antecedents of the Civil War.
grammar An antecedent is also a word or phrase that a pronoun refers to: In the sentence, "Joe threw the ball to Wendy, and Wendy threw it back," "the ball" is the antecedent of "it."
mathematics An antecedant is also the part of a conditional statement that follows the word "if."
(Definition of antecedent from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"antecedent" in British English

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antecedentnoun [C]

uk   /ˌæn.tiˈsiː.dənt/  us   /ˌæn.t̬əˈsiː.dənt/
formal someone or something existing or happening before, especially as the cause or origin of something existing or happening later: Charles Babbage's mechanical calculating engines were the antecedents of the modern computer. Many people feel a great curiosity to find out about their antecedents.
specialized language a word or phrase that a pronoun refers back to: In the sentence "He picked a book off the shelf and handed it to Sally", "book" is the antecedent of "it".

antecedentadjective

uk   /ˌæn.tiˈsiː.dənt/  us   /ˌæn.t̬əˈsiː.dənt/ formal
(Definition of antecedent from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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