Definition of “astronaut” - English Dictionary

british dictionary

“astronaut” in British English

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astronautnoun [ C ]

uk /ˈæs.trə.nɔːt/ us /ˈæs.trə.nɑːt/

Examples from literature

  • A major challenge for astronauts is the low-gravity, or micro-gravity environment, which means they must re-learn how to move the body. 
  • Although scientists have learned how to solve these problems through exercise, diet, and medicines, astronauts who spend long periods of time in micro-gravity conditions still find they are very weak when they return to Earth’s higher gravity. 
  • Astronauts often sleep tied into special beds so they do not hurt themselves while they are unconscious. 
  • Gold is used to protect astronauts from the brightness and heat of the sun. 
  • In 1969, three American astronauts flew in a rocket to the Moon. 
  • Many early achievements were Russian, such as the first rocket to orbit the Earth (1957), the first astronaut (Yuri Gagarin, 1961), and the first woman in space (Valentina Tereshkova, 1963). 
  • Mars One began the selection of the astronauts in 2013. 
  • Polyakov’s experiences showed that astronauts could spend long periods of time in space without suffering long-term problems, although there are still questions about whether humans could live for many years in this kind of environment. 
  • To prepare themselves for this environment, astronauts spend months training underwater. 
  • When astronauts go to space, they float due to the lack of gravity. 

(Definition of “astronaut” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

“astronaut” in American English

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astronautnoun [ C ]

us /ˈæs·trəˌnɔt, -ˌnɑt/

a person who is trained for traveling in spacecraft

(Definition of “astronaut” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)