Definition of “capitalism” - English Dictionary

“capitalism” in English

See all translations

capitalismnoun [ U ]

uk /ˈkæp.ɪ.təl.ɪ.zəm/ us /ˈkæp.ə.t̬əl.ɪ.zəm/

Examples from literature

  • At any rate, the actor-manager who resolutely cherishes respect for art can do much to temper the corrupting influences of commercial capitalism in the theatrical world. 
  • Socialism will purify politics, for private capitalism is the great source of political corruption. 
  • The Soviet government is to continue firmly on this road until the final victory from the yoke of capitalism is won through international workers' revolt. 
  • The rise of capitalism, the sudden development of the world-market, the substitution of a money medium of exchange for direct barter—all these new factors were doing their work. 
  • The whole economic system of modern capitalism will have received a shock from which the beginnings of vast changes may date. 
  • We saw the same thing done within the last generation in Mexico, and from the same motive—because developing capitalism needs cheap labor, whereas people who have access to the land will not slave in mills and mines. 

(Definition of “capitalism” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

“capitalism” in American English

See all translations

capitalismnoun [ U ]

us /ˈkæp·ɪ·t̬əlˌɪz·əm/

politics & government an economic system based on private ownership of property and business, with the goal of making the greatest possible profits for the owners

adjective us /ˈkæp·ɪ·t̬əl·ɪst/ also capitalistic, /ˌkæp·ɪ·t̬əlˈɪs·tɪk/

The US has a capitalist economy.
noun [ C ] us /ˈkæp·ɪ·t̬əl·ɪst/

Anyone can be a capitalist.

(Definition of “capitalism” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

“capitalism” in Business English

See all translations

capitalismnoun [ U ]

uk /ˈkæpɪtəlɪzəm/ us

ECONOMICS, POLITICS the economic, political, and social system that is based on property, business, and industry being privately owned, and is directed towards making the greatest possible profits for private people and organizations:

Under capitalism, people are motivated by the idea of personal profit and success.
The treaty was an attempt to strike a balance between free-market capitalism and the protection of the global environment.

(Definition of “capitalism” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)