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Definition of “case” - English Dictionary

"case" in American English

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casenoun [C]

 us   /keɪs/
  • case noun [C] (SITUATION)

a ​particularsituation or ​example of something: We don’t ​normallyacceptcredits from ​courses taken at another ​university, but we’ll make an ​exception in ​your case. It was a case of not ​knowing what to say. She said I ​refused to ​answer the ​question, but that is not the case (= that is not ​accurate).
in case
In case ​means if something ​else should ​happen: I ​think we should ​leave a little early, in case there’s a lot of ​traffic.
in case of something
In case of something ​means if something should ​happen, esp. something ​unusual or ​unexpected: In case of ​fire, go ​immediately to the nearest ​emergencyexit.
  • case noun [C] (PROBLEM)

an ​item or ​particularmatter that is being ​dealt with as a ​problem to be ​solved, or a ​personconsidered in this way: Yourskinproblem may be a ​mild case of ​eczema. He is a ​sad case – out of ​work and with few ​friends to ​help him.
  • case noun [C] (ARGUMENT)

arguments, ​facts, and ​reasons in ​support of or against something: He ​presented the case against ​cutting the ​militarybudget.
law In a ​court of ​law, a case is a ​matter to be ​decided by a ​judge or ​jury (= ​group of ​people): She ​claimed the city’s ​negligence caused her ​accident, but she ​lost the case.
  • case noun [C] (CONTAINER)

a ​container used for ​protecting or ​storing things: an eyeglass case a case of ​seltzer
  • case noun [C] (GRAMMAR)

grammar the ​form a ​noun, ​pronoun, or ​adjectivetakesdepending on ​itsrelationship to other words in a ​sentence: The ​possessive case of a ​noun is usually ​formed with the ​ending -’s.
(Definition of case from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"case" in British English

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casenoun

uk   /keɪs/  us   /keɪs/
  • case noun (SITUATION)

B1 [C] a ​particularsituation or ​example of something: Over a hundred ​people were ​injured, in several cases ​seriously. Jobs are hard to ​find but in his case that's not the ​problem because he has so much ​experience. I wouldn't ​normallyagree but I'll make an ​exception in this case. The ​number of new cases of the ​illnessappears to be ​declining. We have ​lots of ​applications from ​people who ​want to ​study here and in each case we ​consider the ​candidate very ​carefully. She was ​suffering from an extreme case of ​sunburn.
in that case
B2 because of the ​mentionedsituation: There's no ​coffeeleft? In that case I'll have ​tea.
(not) the case
B1 (not) ​true: If that is the case then I will be very ​disappointed.
in any case
B2 also: I don't ​want to go and in any case, I haven't been ​invited.
(just) in case
B1 because of a ​possibility of something ​happening, being ​needed, etc.: I don't ​think I'll need any ​money but I'll ​bring some just in case. Bring a ​map in case you get ​lost.
in the case of sth/sb
in ​connection with someone or something, or in the ​situation of something: The ​law will ​applyequally to men and women except in the case of ​maternityleave.
a case of sth
used when a ​situation is of a ​particulartype: She doesn't ​want to ​workfull-time, it's a case of having to.
a case in point
an ​example that ​shows that what you are saying is ​true or ​helps to ​explain why you are saying it: Lack of ​communicationcausesseriousproblems and ​theirmarriage is a case in ​point.
as the case might be (also whatever the case might be)
one of the ​statedpossibilities that is ​true: When the ​election is called in ​April, or ​June, as the case might be, we shall be ​ready for it.

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  • case noun (PROBLEM)

B2 [C] a ​problem, a ​series of ​events, or a ​person being ​dealt with by ​police, ​doctors, ​lawyers, etc.: Several ​socialworkers have ​looked into the child's case. The ​detective on the case (= ​responsible for ​solving it) has been ​suspended from ​duty. When he first went for ​treatment at the ​hospital he ​seemed to be a hopeless case (= a ​person who could not be ​cured).
B2 [C] a ​matter to be ​decided by a ​judge in a ​lawcourt: a ​murder case The case will go before the ​EuropeanCourt next ​month. She ​accused her ​employer of ​unlawfuldismissal and won/​lost her case.

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  • case noun (CONTAINER)

A2 [C] a ​container or ​box for ​storing things in
a ​boxholding twelve or more ​bottles of ​wine or another ​type of ​drink, or the ​bottles and ​theircontents: He ​bought his ​brother a case ofwine for his ​birthday. Can you get some more ​cola? The ​kidsdrank the ​whole case.

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  • case noun (ARGUMENT)

C2 [S] arguments, ​facts, and ​reasons in ​support of or against something: There's a good case for/againstbringing in new ​regulations. The case againstcigaretteadvertising is ​becomingstronger all the ​time. She's very ​busy so don't overstate the case - just give her the ​facts.

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caseverb

uk   /keɪs/  us   /keɪs/ slang
(Definition of case from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"case" in Business English

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casenoun [C]

uk   us   /keɪs/
a ​container or ​box for ​storing, showing, or ​carrying something: The ​store had a display casefull of antique ​jewellery. The ​laptop is ​sold with a ​padded carrying case. packing cases
a ​boxholding twelve bottles of wine or another ​type of alcoholic drink, or the twelve bottles and their ​contents: a case of beer/wine There is a 5% ​discount if you ​buy a case.
arguments and reasons why something is ​right or wrong, should or should not be done, etc.: a case for/against sth There's a good case for ​bringing in new ​regulations.make/argue a case The ​study makes the case for ​increasingflexibleworking.a good/strong case The ​union believes it has been vindicated and has a very ​strong case.
LAW a matter to be decided by a ​judge in a ​court of ​law: a libel/​fraud/​discrimination casewin/lose a case She ​accused her ​employer of ​unlawfuldismissal and ​won her case.settle/drop a case The ​partiesagreed to ​settle the case on the ​basis of the carrier's ​limitationfund.
(Definition of case from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“case” in Business English

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