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Definition of “case” - English Dictionary

"case" in American English

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casenoun [C]

us   /keɪs/
  • case noun [C] (SITUATION)

a particular situation or example of something: We don’t normally accept credits from courses taken at another university, but we’ll make an exception in your case. It was a case of not knowing what to say. She said I refused to answer the question, but that is not the case (= that is not accurate).
in case
In case means if something else should happen: I think we should leave a little early, in case there’s a lot of traffic.
in case of something
In case of something means if something should happen, esp. something unusual or unexpected: In case of fire, go immediately to the nearest emergency exit.
  • case noun [C] (PROBLEM)

an item or particular matter that is being dealt with as a problem to be solved, or a person considered in this way: Your skin problem may be a mild case of eczema. He is a sad case – out of work and with few friends to help him.
  • case noun [C] (ARGUMENT)

arguments, facts, and reasons in support of or against something: He presented the case against cutting the military budget.
law In a court of law, a case is a matter to be decided by a judge or jury (= group of people): She claimed the city’s negligence caused her accident, but she lost the case.
  • case noun [C] (CONTAINER)

a container used for protecting or storing things: an eyeglass case a case of seltzer
  • case noun [C] (GRAMMAR)

grammar the form a noun, pronoun, or adjective takes depending on its relationship to other words in a sentence: The possessive case of a noun is usually formed with the ending -’s.
(Definition of case from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"case" in British English

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casenoun

uk   /keɪs/ us   /keɪs/
  • case noun (SITUATION)

B1 [C] a particular situation or example of something: Over a hundred people were injured, in several cases seriously. Jobs are hard to find but in his case that's not the problem because he has so much experience. I wouldn't normally agree but I'll make an exception in this case. The number of new cases of the illness appears to be declining. We have lots of applications from people who want to study here and in each case we consider the candidate very carefully. She was suffering from an extreme case of sunburn.
in that case
B2 because of the mentioned situation: There's no coffee left? In that case I'll have tea.
(not) the case
B1 (not) true: If that is the case then I will be very disappointed.
in any case
B2 also: I don't want to go and in any case, I haven't been invited.
(just) in case
B1 because of a possibility of something happening, being needed, etc.: I don't think I'll need any money but I'll bring some just in case. Bring a map in case you get lost.
in the case of sth/sb
in connection with someone or something, or in the situation of something: The law will apply equally to men and women except in the case of maternity leave.
a case of sth
used when a situation is of a particular type: She doesn't want to work full-time, it's a case of having to.
a case in point
an example that shows that what you are saying is true or helps to explain why you are saying it: Lack of communication causes serious problems and their marriage is a case in point.
as the case might be also whatever the case might be
one of the stated possibilities that is true: When the election is called in April, or June, as the case might be, we shall be ready for it.

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  • case noun (PROBLEM)

B2 [C] a problem, a series of events, or a person being dealt with by police, doctors, lawyers, etc.: Several social workers have looked into the child's case. The detective on the case (= responsible for solving it) has been suspended from duty. When he first went for treatment at the hospital he seemed to be a hopeless case (= a person who could not be cured).
B2 [C] a matter to be decided by a judge in a law court: a murder case The case will go before the European Court next month. She accused her employer of unlawful dismissal and won/lost her case.

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  • case noun (CONTAINER)

a box holding twelve or more bottles of wine or another type of drink, or the bottles and their contents: He bought his brother a case of wine for his birthday. Can you get some more cola? The kids drank the whole case.

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  • case noun (ARGUMENT)

C2 [S] arguments, facts, and reasons in support of or against something: There's a good case for/against bringing in new regulations. The case against cigarette advertising is becoming stronger all the time. She's very busy so don't overstate the case - just give her the facts.

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caseverb

uk   /keɪs/ us   /keɪs/ slang
(Definition of case from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"case" in Business English

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casenoun [C]

uk   /keɪs/ us  
a container or box for storing, showing, or carrying something: The store had a display case full of antique jewellery. The laptop is sold with a padded carrying case. packing cases
a box holding twelve bottles of wine or another type of alcoholic drink, or the twelve bottles and their contents: a case of beer/wine There is a 5% discount if you buy a case.
arguments and reasons why something is right or wrong, should or should not be done, etc.: a case for/against sth There's a good case for bringing in new regulations.make/argue a case The study makes the case for increasing flexible working.a good/strong case The union believes it has been vindicated and has a very strong case.
LAW a matter to be decided by a judge in a court of law: a libel/fraud/discrimination casewin/lose a case She accused her employer of unlawful dismissal and won her case.settle/drop a case The parties agreed to settle the case on the basis of the carrier's limitation fund.
(Definition of case from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“case” in Business English

Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
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May 25, 2016
by Liz Walter Enough is a very common word, but it is easy to make mistakes with it. You need to be careful about its position in a sentence, and the prepositions or verb patterns that come after it. I’ll start with the position of enough in the sentence. When we use it with a noun,

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