close Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary

Definition of “close” - English Dictionary

"close" in American English

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closeadjective, adverb [-er/-est only]

 us   /kloʊs/

close adjective, adverb [-er/-est only] (NEAR)

near in ​position, ​time, or ​condition: The ​store was close by, so they ​decided to ​walk. It’s close to 7 o’clock – we’d ​betterleave now. The ​child moved closer to his ​mother. She was very close to ​death for ​awhile.


 us   /kloʊs/

close adjective (CONNECTED)

[-er/-est only] connected or ​involved in ​strongrelationship with someone: Charmaine is my closest ​friend. Joyce and I used to be close, but now we ​seldomsee each other.

close adjective (SIMILAR)

[-er/-est only] similar; of the same ​type: Yourcomputer is ​pretty close to the one I have. [-er/-est only] If a ​game or ​competition is close, both ​sides have ​almost the same ​score.

close adjective (CAREFUL)

[-er/-est only] giving ​yourfullattention to something so that you ​noticeitsdetails: I wasn’t the one ​driving, so I wasn’t ​paying close ​attention to the ​route we took.

close adjective (WARM)

[not gradable] very ​warm, with no ​movement of ​air: It was ​uncomfortably close in the ​gym.

closeverb [I/T]

 us   /kloʊz/

close verb [I/T] (MAKE NOT OPEN)

to ​change from being ​open to not being ​open, or to ​cause this to ​happen: [T] Come in and close the ​door. [T] Because of an ​accident, ​police closed (= ​blocked) two ​lanes of the ​expressway. [T] Grace closed her ​eyes to ​think.

close verb [I/T] (END/STOP)

to end or ​stopoperating, or to ​cause this to ​happen: [T] Authorities closed the ​agingnuclearplant. [I] After a ​run of three ​months, the show closes on ​Saturday. (esp. of a ​business) To close is also to ​temporarilystop being ​available to ​customers: [I] The ​store closes at 9 ​tonight.

close verb [I/T] (COMPLETE)

to make a ​financial or ​businessarrangementcomplete: [T] The ​manufacturer is closing a ​deal to ​sellitsboatingdivision.
noun [C usually sing]  us   /kloʊz/
The ​skiseason has come to a close.
noun [C]  us   /ˈkloʊ·zɪŋ/
The closing for the ​house was set for ​April.
(Definition of close from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"close" in British English

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uk   /kləʊz/  us   /kloʊz/

close verb (NOT OPEN)

A1 [I or T] to (​cause something to) ​change from being ​open to not being ​open: Could you close the door/​windowplease? Close ​your eyes - I've got a ​surprise for you.A2 [I] When a ​shop, ​restaurant, or ​publicplace closes, ​people cannot go into it: The ​banks had closed (tocustomers) so I couldn't get any ​money out. The ​museum closes at 5.30. We can't get a ​drink! It's after closingtime.
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close verb (END)

C2 [I or T] to (​cause something to) end: The ​play closed with the ​tragicdeath of both ​hero and ​heroine. She closed the ​meeting with a ​shortspeech. The ​pound closed at (= was ​worth) $1.47 at the end of the day's ​trading.B2 [I or T] to (​cause a ​business, ​organization, or ​businessarrangement to) ​stopoperating: I closed that ​bank account when I came to London. The factory closed over ten ​years ago.close a deal to make a ​successfulbusinessarrangement with someone: We closed a ​deal with a ​majorsupermarket.
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uk   us  

close noun (END)

uk   /kləʊz/  us   /kloʊz/ [S] the end of something, or the ​time when you end it: I ​tried to bring the ​conversation to a close. "Let's draw this ​meeting to a close, ​gentlemen," said the ​chairman.

close noun (ROAD)

uk   /kləʊs/  us   /kloʊs/ [C] UK a ​road, usually with ​privatehouses, that ​vehicles can only ​enter from one end: He ​lives at 83 Barker Close.


uk   /kləʊs/  us   /kloʊs/

close adjective (RELATIONSHIP)

B1 having ​directfamilyconnections or ​sharedbeliefs, ​support, and ​sympathy: There weren't many ​people at the ​funeral - just close family/​relatives. They're a ​worryingpoliticalparty because of ​their close links/​ties with ​terroristgroups. In those early ​months, there's a very close bond between ​mother and ​child. a close ​communityA2 People who are close ​know each other very well and like each other a lot, or who ​see and ​talk to each other a lot: Mira is one of my closest friends. Her ​relationship isn't good with her ​father, but she's very close to her ​mother. My ​brother and I have ​become much closer over the ​years.
More examples
  • Did you ​form any close ​friendships while you were at ​college?
  • Historically , there have always been close ​links between France and ​Scotland.
  • All her close ​relatives came to the ​wedding.
  • She is one of the president's closest ​advisers.
  • We haven't always been close, but she was there for me when I ​needed her.

close adjective (CAREFUL)

C2 looking at or ​listening to someone or something very ​carefully: Police are ​paying close attention to the ​situation. Take a closer look at this ​photograph.

close adjective (SECRETIVE)

unwilling to ​talk about things to other ​people: He's so close about his past - it ​seems like he's ​hiding something.

close adjective (LACKING AIR)

used to ​describeweather or ​airconditions in which it is ​difficult to ​breathe and it is ​uncomfortablywarm: Can I ​open the ​window? It's very close in here.

closeadjective, adverb

uk   /kləʊs/  us   /kloʊs/

close adjective, adverb (NEAR)

A1 not ​far in ​position or ​time: Don't get too close to that ​dog, Rosie. I ​hatepeoplestanding too close to me. As ​Christmas gets closer, the ​shops get more and more ​crowded. Emma ​looked close totears (= ​almost going to ​cry).close by near: Shall we ​call in on Miranda? You ​know she ​livesquite close by.
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close adjective, adverb (SIMILAR)

C1 having only a ​smalldifference: The ​electionresults were so close they had to ​vote again. He came second in the ​race, but it was very close. The ​youngestboys are so close inage they ​look like ​twins. Both ​childrenbear a very close resemblance to ​theirfather.close on/to almost: I ​think there are close on three million ​unemployed at ​present.
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(Definition of close from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"close" in Business English

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uk   us   /kləʊz/
[I or T] if a ​shop, ​restaurant, or ​publicplace closes or someone closes it, it ​stops being ​open for ​business at the end of the day, week, etc.: The ​store closes at 5.30.close (sth) to sb The ​banks had closed to ​customers so I couldn't ​pay the ​money in. We usually close the ​bar around midnight.
[I or T] if a ​business closes or is closed, it ​stopsoperating permanently: The ​factory closed with the ​loss of 250 ​jobs. The ​organization will be ​forced to ​letstaff go and close many of its ​offices.
[I] FINANCE, STOCK MARKET if a ​market, ​currency, ​share, etc. closes, it ​stopstrading or being ​traded at the end of the ​working day: The ​companyreleased its ​statement after the ​market closed on Friday.close up/down The Dow Jones closed up 94.90 at 10,623.60.close at sth The ​pound closed at $1.47, down from $1.49 yesterday.
[I or T] to ​finish, or to make something end: At 11.45 the Chair closed the ​meeting.close (sth) with sth She closed with a few remarks about the future.
[I or T often passive] if something closes or is closed, there is no ​longer an ​opportunity to become involved because a particular ​date has been ​reached: Applications for the ​post close on Wednesday 14 September. Booking for the ​course is now closed.
[I or T] IT if a ​computerprogram or a window on a ​computerscreen closes, or if you close it, it ​stopsoperating because you tell it to: Click on the 'X' to close the ​window and ​exit the ​application. This ​file won't close.
[T] BANKING to ​remove all the ​money from a ​bankaccount and ​stop using it permanently: I closed that ​account when I ​moved to the UK.
close a deal to complete a ​successfulbusinessarrangement with someone: The ​companyplans to ​sell its ​genericdrugunit and expects to close the ​deal in late March.
Phrasal verbs

closenoun [C, usually singular]

uk   us   /kləʊz/
the end of something: bring/draw sth to a close I ​tried to ​bring the ​meeting to a the close of sth At the close of the ​financialyear, the ​balance amounted to $418 million.
FINANCE, STOCK MARKET the end of a day's ​trading on a ​market: the close of business/trading His ​exit was announced after the close of ​ the close The IT ​servicesspecialist was down 7.25p to 196.5p at the close.
(the) close of play FINANCE, STOCK MARKET the end of a ​working day or of a day's ​trading: The ​bank said that a ​checkpaid in on Monday cannot be ​bounced after close of ​play on (the) close of play The ​shareprice had almost ​doubled to 95.5p at close of ​play on Friday.
(Definition of close from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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