Definition of “close” - English Dictionary

“close” in British English

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closeverb

uk /kləʊz/ us /kloʊz/

close verb (NOT OPEN)

A1 [ I or T ] to (cause something to) change from being open to not being open:

Could you close the door/window please?
Close your eyes - I've got a surprise for you.

A2 [ I ] When a shop, restaurant, or public place closes, people cannot go into it:

The banks had closed (to customers) so I couldn't get any money out.
The museum closes at 5.30.
We can't get a drink! It's after closing time.

More examples

  • The council decided to close the library and now the building stands empty.
  • Is it all right if I close the window?
  • All 2,500 employees went on strike in protest at the decision to close the factory.
  • Unless we find some new funding soon, the youth centre will have to close.
  • The flowers open (out) in the morning but close again in the afternoon.

close verb (END)

C2 [ I or T ] to (cause something to) end:

The play closed with the tragic death of both hero and heroine.
She closed the meeting with a short speech.
The pound closed at (= was worth) $1.47 at the end of the day's trading.

B2 [ I or T ] to (cause a business, organization, or business arrangement to) stop operating:

I closed that bank account when I came to London.
The factory closed over ten years ago.
close a deal

to make a successful business arrangement with someone:

We closed a deal with a major supermarket.

More examples

  • She spoke against the decision to close the college.
  • The local council has decreed that the hospital should close.
  • We had to close our London office - with the rent so high it just wasn't economic.
  • Sales have fallen badly this year, to the extent that we will have to close some of our shops.
  • The government has come under fire for its decision to close the mines.

closenoun

uk /kləʊs/ /kləʊz/ us /kloʊs/ /kloʊz/

closeadjective

uk /kləʊs/ us /kloʊs/

close adjective (RELATIONSHIP)

B1 having direct family connections or shared beliefs, support, and sympathy:

There weren't many people at the funeral - just close family/relatives.
They're a worrying political party because of their close links/ties with terrorist groups.
In those early months, there's a very close bond between mother and child.
a close community

A2 People who are close know each other very well and like each other a lot, or who see and talk to each other a lot:

Mira is one of my closest friends.
Her relationship isn't good with her father, but she's very close to her mother.
My brother and I have become much closer over the years.

More examples

  • Did you form any close friendships while you were at college?
  • Historically , there have always been close links between France and Scotland.
  • All her close relatives came to the wedding.
  • She is one of the president's closest advisers.
  • We haven't always been close, but she was there for me when I needed her.

closeadjective, adverb

uk /kləʊs/ us /kloʊs/

close adjective, adverb (NEAR)

A1 not far in position or time:

Don't get too close to that dog, Rosie.
I hate people standing too close to me.
As Christmas gets closer, the shops get more and more crowded.
Emma looked close to tears (= almost going to cry).
close by

near:

Shall we call in on Miranda? You know she lives quite close by.

More examples

  • Walking along the darkened street, he heard footsteps close behind him.
  • Bodyguards surrounded the singer so that photographers couldn't get close.
  • We live close to the railway line.
  • Although close to tears, she tried to make her voice sound casual.
  • He told her to stay close and not to wander off again.

close adjective, adverb (SIMILAR)

C1 having only a small difference:

The election results were so close they had to vote again.
He came second in the race, but it was very close.
The youngest boys are so close in age they look like twins.
Both children bear a very close resemblance to their father.
close on/to

almost:

I think there are close on three million unemployed at present.

More examples

  • There are several close affinities between the two paintings.
  • He won the race, but it was very close.
  • Eventually we chose Mary for the job, but it was a close decision.
  • The children are very close in their musical ability.
  • All three of us are close in age.

(Definition of “close” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

“close” in American English

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closeadjective, adverb [ -er/-est only ]

us /kloʊs/

close adjective, adverb [ -er/-est only ] (NEAR)

near in position, time, or condition:

The store was close by, so they decided to walk.
It’s close to 7 o’clock – we’d better leave now.
The child moved closer to his mother.
She was very close to death for awhile.

Idiom(s)

closeadjective

us /kloʊs/

close adjective (CONNECTED)

[ -er/-est only ] connected or involved in strong relationship with someone:

Charmaine is my closest friend.
Joyce and I used to be close, but now we seldom see each other.

close adjective (SIMILAR)

[ -er/-est only ] similar; of the same type:

Your computer is pretty close to the one I have.

[ -er/-est only ] If a game or competition is close, both sides have almost the same score.

close adjective (CAREFUL)

[ -er/-est only ] giving your full attention to something so that you notice its details:

I wasn’t the one driving, so I wasn’t paying close attention to the route we took.

close adjective (WARM)

[ not gradable ] very warm, with no movement of air:

It was uncomfortably close in the gym.

closeverb [ I/T ]

us /kloʊz/

close verb [ I/T ] (MAKE NOT OPEN)

to change from being open to not being open, or to cause this to happen:

[ T ] Come in and close the door.
[ T ] Because of an accident, police closed (= blocked) two lanes of the expressway.
[ T ] Grace closed her eyes to think.

close verb [ I/T ] (END/STOP)

to end or stop operating, or to cause this to happen:

[ T ] Authorities closed the aging nuclear plant.
[ I ] After a run of three months, the show closes on Saturday.

(esp. of a business) To close is also to temporarily stop being available to customers:

[ I ] The store closes at 9 tonight.

close verb [ I/T ] (COMPLETE)

close
noun [ C usually sing ] us /kloʊz/

The ski season has come to a close.
closing
noun [ C ] us /ˈkloʊ·zɪŋ/

The closing for the house was set for April.

(Definition of “close” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

“close” in Business English

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closeverb

uk /kləʊz/ us

[ I or T ] if a shop, restaurant, or public place closes or someone closes it, it stops being open for business at the end of the day, week, etc.:

The store closes at 5.30.
close (sth) to sb The banks had closed to customers so I couldn't pay the money in.
We usually close the bar around midnight.

[ I or T ] if a business closes or is closed, it stops operating permanently:

The factory closed with the loss of 250 jobs.
The organization will be forced to let staff go and close many of its offices.

[ I ] FINANCE, STOCK MARKET if a market, currency, share, etc. closes, it stops trading or being traded at the end of the working day:

The company released its statement after the market closed on Friday.
close up/down The Dow Jones closed up 94.90 at 10,623.60.
close at sth The pound closed at $1.47, down from $1.49 yesterday.

[ I or T ] to finish, or to make something end:

At 11.45 the Chair closed the meeting.
close (sth) with sth She closed with a few remarks about the future.

[ I or T often passive ] if something closes or is closed, there is no longer an opportunity to become involved because a particular date has been reached:

Applications for the post close on Wednesday 14 September.
Booking for the course is now closed.

[ I or T ] IT if a computer program or a window on a computer screen closes, or if you close it, it stops operating because you tell it to:

Click on the 'X' to close the window and exit the application.
This file won't close.

[ T ] BANKING to remove all the money from a bank account and stop using it permanently:

I closed that account when I moved to the UK.
close a deal

to complete a successful business arrangement with someone:

The company plans to sell its generic drug unit and expects to close the deal in late March.

Phrasal verb(s)

closenoun [ C, usually singular ]

uk /kləʊz/ us

the end of something:

bring/draw sth to a close I tried to bring the meeting to a close.
at the close of sth At the close of the financial year, the balance amounted to $418 million.

FINANCE, STOCK MARKET the end of a day's trading on a market:

the close of business/trading His exit was announced after the close of trading.
at the close The IT services specialist was down 7.25p to 196.5p at the close.
(the) close of play

FINANCE, STOCK MARKET the end of a working day or of a day's trading:

The bank said that a check paid in on Monday cannot be bounced after close of play on Thursday.
at/by (the) close of play The share price had almost doubled to 95.5p at close of play on Friday.

(Definition of “close” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)