Definition of “colony” - English Dictionary

“colony” in British English

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colonynoun [ C ]

uk /ˈkɒl.ə.ni/ us /ˈkɑː.lə.ni/

colony noun [ C ] (GROUP)

a country or area controlled politically by a more powerful country that is often far away:

Australia and New Zealand are former British colonies.

a group of people who live in a colony

a group of people with a shared interest or job who live together in a way that is separate from other people:

an artists' colony
a nudist colony

specialized biology a group of animals, insects, or plants of the same type that live together:

a colony of ants/termites/bacteria

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colony noun [ C ] (HOUSES)

Indian English an area surrounded by fences or walls that contains a group of houses, for example houses that have been built by an employer for its workers

(Definition of “colony” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

“colony” in American English

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colonynoun [ C ]

us /ˈkɑl·ə·ni/

politics & government a country or area controlled politically by a more powerful country

A colony is also a group of people with a shared interest or job who live together:

an artists’ colony

A colony is also a group of animals, insects, or plants of the same type that live together:

an ant colony
colonize
verb [ T ] us /ˈkɑl·əˌnɑɪz/

Peru was colonized by the Spanish in the 16th century.

(Definition of “colony” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)