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Definition of “discharge” - English Dictionary

"discharge" in American English

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dischargeverb

us   /dɪsˈtʃɑrdʒ, ˈdɪs·tʃɑrdʒ/
  • discharge verb (ALLOW TO LEAVE)

[T] to allow someone to leave: Allen was discharged from the hospital yesterday.
[T] Someone who is discharged from a job is asked to leave it.
  • discharge verb (SEND OUT)

[I/T] to send out a substance, esp. waste matter: [I] The soapy water from the washing machine will discharge directly into the waste line.
  • discharge verb (SHOOT)

[I/T] to shoot a gun: [I] A gun accidentally discharged.
  • discharge verb (PERFORM)

[T] fml to perform a duty, esp. an official one: He continued to discharge his duties as administrator of the fund.

dischargenoun [C/U]

us   /ˈdɪs·tʃɑrdʒ/
  • discharge noun [C/U] (LEAVING )

the act of asking or allowing someone to leave a place, esp. a job: [C] McCarthy held the rank of captain at the time of his discharge from the army.
  • discharge noun [C/U] (LIQUID)

the act of sending a liquid or gas out of something, or the substance that comes out: [C] an oily discharge
A discharge is also liquid matter that comes from a part of the body.
(Definition of discharge from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"discharge" in British English

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dischargeverb

uk   /dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ/ us   /dɪsˈtʃɑːrdʒ/
  • discharge verb (PERFORM)

[T] formal to perform a task, especially an official one: The city must discharge its legal duty to house the homeless.
discharge a debt formal
to pay back a debt completely

dischargenoun

uk   /ˈdɪs.tʃɑːdʒ/ us   /ˈdɪs.tʃɑːrdʒ/
  • discharge noun (PERMISSION TO LEAVE)

[C or U] official permission to leave the armed forces, a prison, or a hospital: The soldier received a dishonourable discharge for a disciplinary offence.UK The judge gave him a one-year conditional discharge.
  • discharge noun (SUBSTANCE)

[C or U] the act of sending out waste liquid or gas: Thousands of fish were killed as a result of a discharge of poisonous chemicals from a nearby factory.
[C or U] liquid matter that comes from a part of the body and is often infected: a vaginal discharge
(Definition of discharge from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"discharge" in Business English

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dischargeverb

uk   /dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ/ us  
[T] to give someone an official order or legal permission to end their duty in the army, a court, a prison, etc.: The judge discharged the jury and ordered a retrial. He was honourably discharged from the Army three years ago.
[T] HR if a company or organization discharges an employee, it makes them leave their job: discharge sb for sth Several of the directors were later discharged for mismanaging shareholder funds.
Compare
[T] LAW, FINANCE to give a bankrupt person legal permission to stop owing a particular debt: discharge a bankrupt First-time bankrupts are typically discharged automatically after 12 months.discharge a debt Bankruptcy laws generally won't let people discharge their student loan debt.
[T] FINANCE to pay the total amount owed for a debt, loan, payment, etc.: The company continues to discharge its loan repayment obligations in time.
[T] to do an official task or duty: discharge a duty/responsibility/obligation
[I or T] ENVIRONMENT if a business or factory discharges gas, chemicals, liquid waste, etc., it sends these substances into the air or water: Companies must be issued a permit from the EPA before they are allowed to discharge.discharge sth into sth The mine has a federal permit to discharge mine wastewater into the river.
[I or T] TRANSPORT to take goods off a ship or plane or to allow passengers to get off: It took a whole day to discharge the ship.

dischargenoun

uk   /ˈdɪstʃɑːdʒ/ us  
[C] FINANCE the end of a debt, or an official order that ends someone’s duty to pay a debt: Bankrupts must undergo credit counselling before receiving a discharge of their debts. loan discharges and cancellations
[C or U] ENVIRONMENT a waste substance that is sent into the air or water from a factory or business: $1 billion was spent to reduce the plant’s mercury discharge.
[U] formal HR an official order that ends someone’s job: He sued the company for wrongful discharge.
[C or U] an official order or legal permission to leave your duty in the army, a court, a prison, etc.: honourable/dishonourable discharge If convicted, his sentence will include a reduction in rank to private and a dishonourable discharge.
[U] formal the act of doing a task or duty that you must do: discharge of duties/responsibilities Employees found to have committed any breaches in the discharge of their duties will be reprimanded.
[U] TRANSPORT the job or activity of getting goods or passengers off a ship or plane: The west docks are used for the loading and discharge of cargo.
(Definition of discharge from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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