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Definition of “down” - English Dictionary

"down" in American English

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downpreposition, adverb [not gradable]

us   /dɑʊn/
in or toward a low or lower position, from a higher one: There’s a bathroom down the stairs and to the right. He poured the rest of the coffee down the drain. The cat jumped down from the chair. Please sit down (= stop standing and come to a sitting position). If you feel ill, why don’t you lie down (= stop standing and come to a lying position) for a while?
Down also means to the ground, esp. as a result of an action that causes something to fall: We’re going to have to cut down this tree.
Down also means firmly, in a fixed position, esp. as a result of an action: Workers in the convention center taped down the edges of the carpets. fig. We hope to nail down the agreement at tomorrow’s meeting.

downadjective, adverb [not gradable]

us   /dɑʊn/
in or toward a lower place or level, a smaller amount, or a simpler state: Unemployment went down last month, dropping to under 6%. Lots of stores are having sales, and prices are coming down. He was down to his last $5 (= that was all he had left).
Down is used with a lot of verbs to show that something is becoming smaller, weaker, slower, or less: The fire burned down. She’s slimmed down a lot in the past few months. Would you please turn down the music – it’s too loud.
into a worse position or state: Michigan, down (by) (= losing by) ten points at the half, came back to win the football game.

downadverb [not gradable]

us   /dɑʊn/
used, esp. with prepositions, to emphasize that a place is far from the speaker or in or toward the south: I’ll meet you down at the health club after work. My parents moved down to Florida after they retired.
in writing or on paper: He agreed to the deal, but until we get it down on paper, we don’t have a legal contract.
at the time of buying: She paid $100 down and the rest in installments.

downpreposition

us   /dɑʊn/
  • down preposition (ALONG)

along: Her office is down the hall on the right.

downadjective

us   /dɑʊn/
  • down adjective (UNHAPPY)

unhappy: I’m feeling a little down, I guess because most people have gone home for the holidays and I’m still here.
  • down adjective (NOT IN OPERATION)

[not gradable] (of a system or machine, esp. a computer) not in operation or not working, usually only for a limited period of time: The network will be down until noon today.

downnoun [U]

us   /dɑʊn/
  • down noun [U] (HAIR)

small, soft feathers or hair, esp. those of a young bird

downverb [T]

us   /dɑʊn/
  • down verb [T] (EAT)

to eat or drink something quickly: She quickly downed her tea and left to catch the bus.
(Definition of down from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"down" in British English

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downadverb

uk   /daʊn/ us   /daʊn/
  • down adverb (LOWER POSITION)

A2 in or towards a low or lower position, from a higher one: Is this lift going down? Don't look down! You'll get dizzy. The sun's going down and it'll be dark soon. The space capsule came down in the ocean. I bent down to look under the bed.
A1 moving from above and onto a surface: Just as I was sitting down to watch TV, the phone rang. Why don't you lie down on the sofa for a while? This box is really heavy - can we put it down (on the floor) for a minute? Get down off that table immediately! The terrorists forced everybody to lie face down (= with the front part of the body below) on the floor.
firmly in place or into position: I put the loose floorboard back and nailed it down. He held my arms down by my sides.

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  • down adverb (LOWER LEVEL)

in or towards a lower level, a smaller amount, or a simpler state: The rate of inflation is finally going down. Turn the TV down - it's way too loud! The nurse bandaged my sprained ankle to keep the swelling down (= to limit the swelling). If you wait a few months, the price will come down. The Cavaliers were 20 points down (= losing by 20 points) at half-time. The number of students at this school has gone down from 500 last year to 410.

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  • down adverb (DESTROY)

If you burn, cut, or knock something or someone down, you cause it, him, or her to fall to the ground, usually damaged, destroyed, or injured: The house burned down many years ago. These trees will have to be cut down to make way for the new road.UK She was knocked down by a car and killed instantly.

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  • down adverb (IN WRITING)

B1 in writing or on paper: I'll write it down now so I won't forget. Do you have it down in writing/on paper, or was it just a verbal agreement? I've got/put you down for (= have written that you want) three tickets each. The police officers were taking down the names of witnesses.

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  • down adverb (FAR)

B1 used, especially with prepositions, to emphasize that a place is at some distance from you or from somewhere considered to be central: I'll meet you down at the gym after work. He has a house down by the harbour. I'm going down to the shop to buy some milk.
in or towards the south: It's much warmer down (in the) south. My parents live down in Florida, but they come up to Chicago every summer. We're moving down to London.

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  • down adverb (OLDER TO YOUNGER)

from an older person to a younger one: The necklace has been passed/handed down through seven generations. These myths have come down to us from prehistoric times.

downpreposition

uk   /daʊn/ us   /daʊn/
  • down preposition (LOWER POSITION)

A2 in or towards a low or lower position, from a higher one: I slid down the hill. Aikiko fell down some stairs and broke her wrist.

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  • down preposition (ALONG)

A2 along: We drove down the highway as far as Atlanta. Her office is down the corridor on the right. They sailed the boat down the river (= towards the sea).
  • down preposition (TO)

UK not standard to: I went down the pub with my mates.

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downverb [T]

uk   /daʊn/ us   /daʊn/

downadjective

uk   /daʊn/ us   /daʊn/
  • down adjective (UNHAPPY)

B2 unhappy; unable to feel excited or energetic about anything: She's been really down since her husband left. I've been (feeling) a little bit down this week.

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  • down adjective (NOT IN OPERATION)

C1 [after verb] (of a system or machine, especially a computer) not in operation or not working, usually only for a limited period of time: The network will be down for an hour for routine maintenance. The whole system's gone down.
See also

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downnoun

uk   /daʊn/ us   /daʊn/

down-prefix

uk   /daʊn-/ us   /daʊn-/
(Definition of down from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"down" in Business English

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downadverb

uk   /daʊn/ us  
at or towards a lower level or a smaller amount: The stock market is down for the fifth week in a row.go/come down Consumers may be waiting for prices to come down before they buy. The number of workers here has gone down from 500 last year to 410. Production is down by almost a fifth.down 10p/10%/10 points, etc. Operating profits were down 50%.10p/10%/10 points, etc. down Lead closed three dollars down at $611 per tonne. Sales were way down on the same quarter last year. Most currencies in the region ended the week slightly down against the US dollar.
in writing or on paper: write/note/jot sth downdown in writing/on paper Do you have it down in writing, or was it just a verbal agreement?have sb down for sth On next month's order I've got you down for three cases of supplies.
if you pay money down on something, you pay part of the price and will pay the rest later: pay 10%/$100, etc. down We paid 10% down on the house and took out a mortgage for the rest.money/cash down The sign advertised easy mortgages and houses with no money down.
having less money than before: The deal left him almost $500 down.

downadjective

uk   /daʊn/ us  
[after verb] IT if a computer or system is down, it is not working, usually for a limited period: The network will be down for an hour for routine maintenance. The whole system's gone down.

downverb [T]

uk   /daʊn/ us  
down tools UK
to refuse to continue working, especially because you are not satisfied with your pay or working conditions: The printers are threatening to down tools if the pay offer is not increased to 8%.
(Definition of down from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“down” in Business English

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