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Definition of “go” - English Dictionary

"go" in American English

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 us   /ɡoʊ/ (present tense goes, present participle going, past tense went  /went/ , past participle gone  /ɡɔn, ɡɑn/ )
  • go verb (TRAVEL)

[I] to move or ​travel to another ​place: Let’s go ​home now. Are you going away for ​yourvacation? He’s going to his ​countryhouse for the ​weekend. We don’t go to the ​movies much. You go on (​ahead) and I’ll be along in a ​minute. Are you ​planning to go by ​car or are you ​flying? The ​payrollchecks went out (= were ​sent) a ​weeklater than ​usual. I’m just going over (= making a ​visit) to Pete’s for ​half an ​hour. My ​son is ​planning to go into (= get a ​job in)journalism. Where did my ​keys go (= I can’t ​find them)? A ​considerableamount of ​money and ​effort has gone into (= been used in ​preparing) this ​exhibition.
go back
To go back is to ​return: When do you go back to ​school?
go back
To go back is also to have ​existed since some ​time in the past: Their ​friendship goes back to when they were in ​college together.
go up (also go down)
To go up or go down is to ​increase or be ​reduced: My ​rent is going up 6% this ​year.
go for
To be going or to go for a ​particularactivity is to move to the ​place of the ​activity or to ​begin to do it: to go for a ​walk/​swim Why don’t we go for a ​drive (= have a ​ride in a ​car)? We’re going ​shopping at the ​mall.
[I] To have gone to do a ​particularactivity is to have ​left to do it and not ​yetreturned: They’ve gone ​sailing on the ​lake.
  • go verb (MOVE TOWARD)

[I] to be or ​continuemoving, esp. in a ​particular way or ​direction: We were going (at) about 65 ​miles an ​hour. I had a ​wonderfulweekend but it went ​awfullyquickly. If you take the ​bus, you go over the ​bridge, but the ​train goes through the ​tunnel. There’s still three ​months to go before he has ​surgery, but he’s already ​nervous about it. The ​flu is going around ​right now (= It’s ​moving from ​person to ​person). I was going up/down the ​stairs when the ​phonerang. He went up to her (= ​approached her) and ​asked for her ​autograph. On ​summerevenings we often ​sat on the ​porch and ​watched the ​sun go down.
go by
To go by is to move past or beyond: We ​sat on the ​shore and ​watched the ​sailboats go by. Several ​months went by, and still he had no word from her.
  • go verb (LEAVE)

[I] to ​leave a ​place, esp. in ​order to ​travel to ​somewhereelse: It’s ​time to go. Please ​close the ​door when you go. She wasn’t ​feeling well, so she went ​home early (= ​left early to go ​home). She’s gone off with my ​umbrella (= She took it by ​accident). I always go out (= ​leave my ​home and ​travel to another ​place, esp. for ​entertainment) on ​Saturdaynight.
[I] If something is gone, none of it is ​left: I can’t ​believe the ​milk is gone already.
  • go verb (LEAD)

[I always + adv/prep] (of a ​road, ​path, etc.) to ​lead in a ​particulardirection: Does I-70 go to Denver?
[I always + adv/prep] If something goes a ​particularlength, it is that ​long: The well goes down at least 30 ​feet.
  • go verb (BECOME)

to ​become or be in a ​certaincondition: [L] Her ​father is going ​blind. [L] If anything goes ​wrong, you can ​callouremergencyhotline. [L] Because of ​lack of ​evidence, the ​police were ​forced to ​let him go ​free. [I] If you ​keepapplyingice, the ​swelling will go down (= ​becomesmaller). [I] The ​computer went down (= ​stoppedoperating)twice last ​week. [I] The ​electricitysuddenly went off (= ​stoppedoperating). [I] One of these ​days I’ll have to go on a ​diet (= ​start to be on one). [I] I was so ​exhausted I went to ​sleep (= ​startedsleeping)immediately. [I] It was feared for a while that the two ​countries would go to ​war (= ​start to ​fight a ​war) over this ​dispute. [I] It wasn’t a ​badhospital, as ​hospitals go (= ​compared with the ​usualstandard of ​hospitals), but I still ​hated being there.
  • go verb (CHANGE)

[I always + adv/prep] to do something to ​cause a ​change or ​create a new ​condition: I’d ​love to come to ​dinner, but I don’t ​want you to go to any ​trouble (= do a lot of ​work).
  • go verb (WEAKEN)

[I] to ​becomeweak or ​damaged, esp. from use, or to ​stopworking: Her ​hearing is ​starting to go, but ​otherwise she’s in good ​shape.
  • go verb (START)

[I] to ​start doing or using something: I’ll just ​connect the ​printer to the ​computer and we’ll be ​ready to go.
  • go verb (OPERATE)

[I] to ​operate: My ​watch was going ​fine up until a few ​minutes ago, but then it ​stoppedrunning.
  • go verb (MAKE SOUND)

[I/T] to ​produce a ​noise: [I] Somebody’s ​caralarm went off at 3 in the ​morning and ​woke me up.
  • go verb (MOVE BODY)

[I always + adv/prep] to move a ​part of the ​body in a ​particular way or in the way that is ​shown: Try making ​yourfoot go ​backwards and ​forwards.
  • go verb (DIVIDE)

[I] (of a ​number) to ​fit into another ​number, esp. resulting in a ​wholenumber: Three goes into 12 four ​times.
  • go verb (BE SITUATED)

[I always + adv/prep] to ​belong in a ​particularplace, esp. as the ​usualplace: Tell the ​moving men that the ​sofa goes against that ​wall.
  • go verb (HAPPEN)

[I always + adv/prep] to ​happen or ​develop: The ​doctor said the ​operation went well. What’s going on here (= Explain what is ​happening)?
[I always + adv/prep] If ​people have something going for them, that thing ​causes them to have a lot of ​advantages and to be ​successful: They’ve got a ​happymarriage, ​greatcareers, and ​wonderfulchildren – in ​fact they’ve got everything going for them.
  • go verb (BE SOLD)

[I] to be ​sold or be ​available: The ​painting is ​expected to go for at least a million ​dollars.
  • go verb (BE EXPRESSED)

[I] to be ​expressed, ​sung, or ​played: I can never ​remember how that ​song goes.
  • go verb (BE SUITABLE)

[I] to be ​acceptable or ​suitable: Do you ​think my new ​brownscarf goes with my ​blackcoat?
  • go verb (BE KNOWN)

[I always + adv/prep] to be ​known by a ​particularname: He went under the ​name of Platt, but that was not his ​realname.
  • go verb (DEPEND ON)

[I always + adv/prep] to have an ​opinion, ​decision, or ​judgmentdepend on something: There were no ​witnesses to the ​crime, and so ​far the ​police don’t have much to go on.
  • go verb (BE FINAL)

[I] to be ​final; not to be questioned: In my ​parents’ ​day, nobody ​everargued with ​theirfather – whatever he said went.
  • go verb (PLAY)

[I] to do something at a ​particulartime or in a ​particularorder, before or after other ​people; have a ​turn: Who goes next?
noun [U]  us   /ˈɡoʊ·ɪŋ/
It was ​slow going because of ​ice on the ​roads.
noun [C]  us   /ˈɡoʊ·ɪŋ/
There were a lot of ​comings and goings at the ​apartment next ​door.

gonoun [U]

 us   /ɡoʊ/
  • go noun [U] (ENERGY)

the ​condition of being ​energetic and ​active
(Definition of go from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

"go" in British English

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uk   /ɡəʊ/  us   /ɡoʊ/ (present participle going, past tense went, past participle gone)
  • go verb (MOVE/TRAVEL)

A1 [I usually + adv/prep] to ​travel or ​move to another ​place: We went into the ​house. I went to Paris last ​summer. Have you ​ever been there? We don't go to the ​cinema very often these ​days. Wouldn't it be ​quicker to go bytrain? Does this ​train go to Newcastle? Where do you ​think you're going? Shouldn't you be at ​school?
A1 [I usually + adv/prep] to be in the ​process of ​moving: Can't we go any ​faster? We were going along at about 50 ​miles an ​hour. to go down the ​road to go up/downstairs to go over the ​bridge to go through a ​tunnelUK figurative I've got a ​tune going around/round in my ​head (= I am ​continuallyhearing it) and I just can't ​remember the ​name of it.
A1 [I] to ​move or ​travelsomewhere in ​order to do something: [+ -ing verb] We go shopping every ​Fridaynight. I've never gone ​skiing. They've gone for a ​walk, but they should be back ​soon. [+ to infinitive] She went tomeet Blake at the ​station. There's a good ​film on at the Odeon. Shall we go?
where has/have sth gone?
said when you cannot ​find something: Where have my ​keys gone?

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  • go verb (LEAVE)

B1 [I] to ​leave a ​place, ​especially in ​order to ​travel to ​somewhereelse: Is it ​midnight already? I really must go/must be going. She wasn't ​feeling well, so she went home early.mainly UK What ​time does the last ​train to Bath go? I'm ​afraid he'll have to go (= be ​dismissed from his ​job) - he's ​far too ​inefficient to ​continueworking for us. This carpet's ​terriblyold and ​worn out - it really will have to go (= be got ​rid of).
to go US
If you ​ask for some ​food to go at a ​restaurant, you ​want it ​wrapped up so that you can take it away with you ​instead of ​eating it in the ​restaurant: I'd like a ​cheeseburger and ​strawberrymilkshake to go, ​please.
See also
[I] polite word for to ​die: She went ​peacefully in her ​sleep.

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  • You can ​stay if you ​want, but I'm going to go.
  • The next ​train for Manchester goes in ten ​minutes.
  • Get ​yourcoat, we're going.
  • He was here a ​minute ago, but he must have just gone.
  • He was ​disappointed to ​find they'd already gone.
  • go verb (LEAD)

B1 [I + adv/prep] If a ​road, ​path, etc. goes in a ​particulardirection, it ​leads there: This ​road goes to Birmingham. A ​hugecrack went from the ​top to the ​bottom of the ​wall.
[I usually + adv/prep] to ​continue for a ​particularlength: The tree's ​roots go down three ​metres.

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  • go verb (FUTURE TIME)

be going to do/be sth

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A2 to ​intend to do or be something in the ​future: Are you going to go to Claire's ​party? He ​wants me to ​mend his ​shirt for him, but I'm not going to! I'm going to be a ​famouspopstar when I'm ​older.
A2 to be ​certain or ​expected to ​happen in the ​future: They're going to have a ​baby in the ​spring. There's going to be ​trouble when Paul ​finds out about this. The ​forecast said it was going to be ​hot and ​sunnytomorrow.
  • go verb (BECOME)

B1 [L only + adj] to ​become: The ​idea of going ​grey doesn't ​bother me, but I'd ​hate to go ​bald. Her father's going ​senile/​blind/​deaf. If anything goes wrong, you can ​callouremergencyhotlinefree of ​charge. After twelve ​years of ​Republicanpresidents, the US went Democratic in 1992.

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  • go verb (MOVE BODY)

C2 [I usually + adv/prep] to ​move a ​part of the ​body in a ​particular way or the way that is ​shown: Go like this withyourhand to show that you're ​turningleft.

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  • go verb (OPERATE)

C2 [I] to ​operate (in the ​right way): Have you any ​idea why this ​watch won't go? Can you ​help me get my ​car going? Our ​company has been going (= has been in ​business) for 20 ​years.

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  • go verb (TIME)

B2 [I] If a ​period of ​time goes, it ​passes: I had a ​wonderfulweekend but it went very ​quickly. Time ​seems to go ​faster as you get ​older. There's only a ​week to go before (= until) I get my ​exam resultsc.

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  • go verb (BE)

[L only + adj] to be or ​stay in a ​particularcondition, ​especially an ​unpleasant one : In ​spite of the ​reliefeffort, thousands of ​peoplecontinue to go ​hungry. Why do so many ​rapes go unreported?
in ​comparison with most other things of a ​particulartype, ​especially when you do not ​think that ​type of thing is very good: It was ​quite a good ​film, as ​horrorfilms go. I ​suppose the ​concert was OK, as these things go.
go to prove/show
to ​prove that something is ​true: Your daughter's ​attitude only goes to ​prove how much ​society has ​changed over the last 30 ​years.
  • go verb (PLAY GAME)

[I] to use ​youropportunity to ​play in a ​game: It's ​your turn to go now.
  • go verb (DIVIDE)

[I not continuous] (of a ​number) to ​fit into another ​numberespeciallyresulting in a ​wholenumber: 5 into 11 won't go. 3 goes into 15 fives ​times.
  • go verb (SAY)

[+ speech] informal to say, ​especially when a ​story is being told: "I never ​want to ​see you ​ever again," he goes, and ​storms out the ​house.
  • go verb (WEAKEN)

[I] to ​becomeweak or ​damaged, ​especially from being used (too much), or to ​stopworking: After a ​gruelling six ​monthssinging on a ​worldtour, it is ​hardlysurprising that her ​voice is ​starting to go. I really must get a new ​jacket - this one's ​starting to go at the ​elbows. Her ​hearing is going, but ​otherwise she's ​remarkablyfit for a 95-year-old.
  • go verb (BE EXPRESSED)

B2 [I not continuous] to be ​expressed, ​sung, or ​played: I can never ​remember how that ​song goes. "Doesn't it go something like this?" said Joan, and ​played the first ​couple of ​bars on her ​guitar. [+ (that)] The ​story goes (= ​people say) (that) he was fireds after he was ​caughtstealingcompanyproperty. A ​headlessghostwalks the ​castle at ​night - or so the ​story goes (= so ​people say).
  • go verb (BE ACCEPTABLE)

B1 [I not continuous] to ​look or be ​acceptable or ​suitable: That ​picture would go well on the ​wall in the ​livingroom. The TV would go ​nicely in that ​corner, wouldn't it? If I ​wear the ​orangehat with the ​bluedress, do you ​think it will go? Just ​remember that I'm the ​boss and what I say goes (= you have to ​accept what I say). My ​parents don't ​worry too much about what I am up to, and most of the ​time anything goes (= I can do what I ​want).
  • go verb (BE KNOWN)

[I usually + adv/prep] to be ​known (by a ​particularname): He had a ​scruffyoldteddybear that went by the ​name of Augustus. In ​Britain, this ​flour usually goes under the ​name ofmaizemeal.
  • go verb (DEVELOP)

B1 [I usually + adv/prep] to ​develop or ​happen: "How did the ​interview go?" "It went very well, ​thanks." Things have gone ​badly for him since his ​businesscollapsed.

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uk   /ɡəʊ/  us   /ɡoʊ/ (plural goes)
  • go noun (ATTEMPT)

B2 [C] (US also try) an ​attempt to do something: I've never done this before but I'll give it a go. "This ​jar is ​impossible to ​open." "Here, ​let me have a go." I ​want to have a go atfinishing my ​essaytonight. We can't do the ​work all in one go (= all at the same ​time).
make a go of sth UK (US usually try)
C2 to try to make something ​succeed, usually by ​working hard: She's really making a go of her new ​antiqueshop. I can't ​see him ​ever making a go of ​accountancy.

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  • go noun (OPPORTUNITY)

B1 [C] (US usually turn) an ​opportunity to ​play in a ​game, or to do or use something: Hey, it's Ken's go now! You've just had ​your go. Please can I have a go (= can I ​ride) on ​yourbike? I'll have a go at driving for a while if you're ​tired.

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  • Is it my go ​yet?
  • May I have a go on ​yourcomputer?
  • We can have two goes each.
  • You have to ​miss a go if you ​land on that ​square.
  • Whose go is it?
  • go noun (CRITICIZE)

have a go at sb UK
to ​criticize someone: My Dad's always having a go at me about getting a ​properjob.
(Definition of go from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"go" in Business English

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uk   us   /ɡəʊ/ (going, went, gone)
[I] to be ​sold: The ​shop is having a closing-down ​sale - everything must go.
[I] to ​develop or ​happen in a particular way: Things have gone badly for him since his ​businesscollapsed.
[I] to disappear: 650 ​jobs will go at the ​shipyard.
[I] if ​money goes on something, it is ​spent on that thing: go on sth Most of that ​money goes on the ​purchase of ​equipment.
go for it
informal to do anything you have to in ​order to get something: If we want something, then we go for it in the best possible way we know.
go it alone
to do something without other ​people: Questions are being ​asked whether the ​recordlabel has the stamina to go it alone.
have sth going for you
to have a ​quality that gives you a lot of ​advantages or makes it likely you will be ​successful: It has everything going for it: a ​prime city ​centresite, a ​successfulfundingstrategy, and a charismatic ​leader.
(Definition of go from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“go” in Business English

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