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Definition of “government” - English Dictionary

"government" in American English

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governmentnoun [C/U]

 us   /ˈɡʌv·ərn·mənt, -ər·mənt/
politics & government the ​offices, ​departments, and ​groups of ​people that ​control a ​country, ​state, ​city, or other ​politicalunit: [U] She ​works for the government. [C] The new ​taxlawaffects the ​budgets of both ​state and ​local governments.
Government is also a ​particularsystem of ​managing a ​country, ​state, ​city, etc.: [U] democratic government
governmental
adjective  us   /ˌɡʌv·ərnˈment·əl, -ərˈment·əl/
The ​country has ​weak governmental ​institutions and no ​experience of ​democracy.
(Definition of government from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"government" in British English

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governmentnoun

uk   /ˈɡʌv.ən.mənt/ /ˈɡʌv.əm.mənt/  us   /ˈɡʌv.ɚn.mənt/
  • government noun (GROUP)

B1 [C, + sing/pl verb] (written abbreviation govt) the ​group of ​people who ​officiallycontrol a ​country: the government of Israel The government is/are ​expected to ​announceits/​theirtaxproposals today. The ​minister has ​announced that there will be no ​change in government ​policy. Senior government ​officials will be ​attending a ​meetingtomorrow. Theatre ​companies are very ​concerned about ​cuts in government ​grants to the ​arts. A government ​enquiry has been ​launched.

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  • government noun (SYSTEM)

B2 [U] the ​system used for ​controlling a ​country, ​city, or ​group of ​people: The 1990s ​saw a ​shift to ​democratic government in ​EasternEurope. What this ​stateneeds is really ​strong government.
B2 [U] the ​activitiesinvolved in ​controlling a ​country, ​city, ​group of ​people, etc.: The ​party that was ​elected to ​power has no ​experience of government.UK The ​party was in government (= ​controlled the ​country) for four ​years in the 1960s.
Her/His Majesty's Government
the government of the UK
(Definition of government from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"government" in Business English

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governmentnoun

uk   us   /ˈɡʌvənmənt/ (written abbreviation govt) GOVERNMENT
[C] an ​organization that ​officiallymanages and ​controls a country or ​region, ​creatinglaws, ​collectingtaxes, ​providingpublicservices, etc.: The two governments have ​signed an ​agreement. This ​fiscalyear would ​mark the third government ​surplus in a row for the first ​time in over 50 ​years. a federal/​central/​local/governmentgovernment official/regulator/employee Global ​businessleaders and government ​officials gathered in Spain Friday for a ​meetingaimed at ​breaking down remaining ​tradebarriers.government agency/department Some government ​agencies have ​worked well together to combat terrorist ​financing. government ​policy/​program/​services the Chinese/Italian/British government The Chinese government has ​implementedeconomicreforms.
[U] the ​people, ​systems, etc. that ​manage or ​control a country or ​region: The ​goal is to ​identifyopportunities to ​reduce the ​cost of government. a ​democratic form of government. The ​President spoke of ​restoringconfidence in government.
form a government
to ​bringpoliticalparties together to make a government when none of them has received a large enough ​number of ​votes in an ​election to ​control the government: The ​formerprimeminister was ​seekingsupport from ​smallerparties to ​helpform a government.
the government [S]
the government of a particular country, especially the country you are in or the one you have already referred to: The government is ​proposingchanges to ​subsidies for ​renewableenergysources. The ​figures are ​based on the government's ​survey of the ​laborforce.
(Definition of government from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“government” in Business English

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