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Definition of “government” - English Dictionary

"government" in American English

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governmentnoun [C/U]

 us   /ˈɡʌv·ərn·mənt, -ər·mənt/
politics & government the offices, departments, and groups of people that control a country, state, city, or other political unit: [U] She works for the government. [C] The new tax law affects the budgets of both state and local governments.
Government is also a particular system of managing a country, state, city, etc.: [U] democratic government
governmental
adjective  us   /ˌɡʌv·ərnˈment·əl, -ərˈment·əl/
The country has weak governmental institutions and no experience of democracy.
(Definition of government from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"government" in British English

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governmentnoun

uk   /ˈɡʌv.ən.mənt/ /ˈɡʌv.əm.mənt/  us   /ˈɡʌv.ɚn.mənt/
  • government noun (GROUP)

B1 [C, + sing/pl verb] (written abbreviation govt) the group of people who officially control a country: the government of Israel The government is/are expected to announce its/their tax proposals today. The minister has announced that there will be no change in government policy. Senior government officials will be attending a meeting tomorrow. Theatre companies are very concerned about cuts in government grants to the arts. A government enquiry has been launched.

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  • government noun (SYSTEM)

B2 [U] the system used for controlling a country, city, or group of people: The 1990s saw a shift to democratic government in Eastern Europe. What this state needs is really strong government.
B2 [U] the activities involved in controlling a country, city, group of people, etc.: The party that was elected to power has no experience of government.UK The party was in government (= controlled the country) for four years in the 1960s.
Her/His Majesty's Government
the government of the UK
(Definition of government from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"government" in Business English

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governmentnoun

uk   us   /ˈɡʌvənmənt/ (written abbreviation govt) GOVERNMENT
[C] an organization that officially manages and controls a country or region, creating laws, collecting taxes, providing public services, etc.: The two governments have signed an agreement. This fiscal year would mark the third government surplus in a row for the first time in over 50 years. a federal/central/local/governmentgovernment official/regulator/employee Global business leaders and government officials gathered in Spain Friday for a meeting aimed at breaking down remaining trade barriers.government agency/department Some government agencies have worked well together to combat terrorist financing. government policy/program/services the Chinese/Italian/British government The Chinese government has implemented economic reforms.
[U] the people, systems, etc. that manage or control a country or region: The goal is to identify opportunities to reduce the cost of government. a democratic form of government. The President spoke of restoring confidence in government.
form a government
to bring political parties together to make a government when none of them has received a large enough number of votes in an election to control the government: The former prime minister was seeking support from smaller parties to help form a government.
the government [S]
the government of a particular country, especially the country you are in or the one you have already referred to: The government is proposing changes to subsidies for renewable energy sources. The figures are based on the government's survey of the labor force.
(Definition of government from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“government” in Business English

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