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Definition of “hard” - English Dictionary

"hard" in American English

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hardadjective [-er/-est only]

 us   /hɑrd/
firm and solid, or not easy to bend, cut, or break: It hadn’t rained in a long time, and the ground was hard. He chewed on something hard and was afraid he’d broken a tooth.
difficult to understand or do: hard questions to answer [+ to infinitive] It’s hard to say which of them is lying. It’s hard being a working mother. [+ to infinitive] Her handwriting is hard to read. She always does things the hard way (= makes things more difficult to do). I find her books hard going (= difficult and tiring).
needing or using a lot of physical or mental effort: Qualifying as a surgeon is hard work. We had fun cycling, but it was hard to go up the hills.
not pleasant or gentle; severe: She’s had a hard life. His boss is giving him a hard time (= is being unpleasant to him). Don’t be too hard on her – she’s just learning the job.
Someone who is hard on a piece of clothing tends to damage it quickly: I’m very hard on shoes.
(of a drug) dangerous and addictive (= giving you the habit of taking it), or (of a drink) containing a large amount of alcohol
able to be proven: hard evidence

hardadverb [-er/-est only]

 us   /hɑrd/
with a lot of physical or mental effort: You have to push the door hard to open it.
If something is hard-earned or hard-won, it was achieved only after a lot of effort: hard-earned money/knowledge/fame hard-won freedoms/battles
in a severe or forceful way: They took the defeat hard. It’s raining hard. She stepped on my toe really hard.
(Definition of hard from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"hard" in British English

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hardadjective

uk   /hɑːd/  us   /hɑːrd/
  • hard adjective (SOLID)

A2 not easy to bend, cut, or break: a hard surface There was a heavy frost last night and the ground is still hard. Heating the clay makes it hard.
Opposite

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  • hard adjective (DIFFICULT)

A1 difficult to understand, do, experience, or deal with: There were some really hard questions in the exam. It's hard to say which of them is lying. It's hard being a single mother. Her handwriting is very hard to read. He's a hard man to please. The topics get harder later in the course. I feel sorry for the kids, too - they've had a hard time.
Opposite

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  • hard adjective (USING EFFORT)

B1 needing or using a lot of physical or mental effort: Go on - give it a good hard push! It was hard work on the farm but satisfying.

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  • hard adjective (SEVERE)

B2 not pleasant or gentle; severe: You have to be quite hard to succeed in the property business. Ooh, you're a hard woman, Elaine! Our boss has been giving us all a hard time at work (= making our time at work difficult).
be hard on sb
B2 to criticize someone severely, or to treat someone unfairly: Don't be too hard on him - he's new to the job.

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hardness
noun [U] uk   /ˈhɑːd.nəs/  us   /ˈhɑːrd.nəs/
These alloys are characterized by their extreme hardness.

hardadverb

uk   /hɑːd/  us   /hɑːrd/
(Definition of hard from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"hard" in Business English

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hardadjective

uk   us   /hɑːd/
[before noun] used to describe information that can be proved: hard facts/figures/numbers There are no hard numbers on viewership levels. The report documented hard evidence of problems at the refinery, including long overdue or bypassed inspections.
[usually before noun] FINANCE, INSURANCE used to describe a market in which prices are high: The best time to market for new business that will carry you through a soft market is when the market is hard. Many experts expect the hard market to last for at least 18 months, allowing the company to boost margins by more than 10 per cent.
Compare
hard to swallow
difficult to believe or accept: With European governments having so much invested in the company, outsourcing and downsizing have been hard to swallow.
(Definition of hard from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“hard” in Business English

Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
by ,
May 25, 2016
by Liz Walter Enough is a very common word, but it is easy to make mistakes with it. You need to be careful about its position in a sentence, and the prepositions or verb patterns that come after it. I’ll start with the position of enough in the sentence. When we use it with a noun,

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