Definition of “incumbent” - English Dictionary

“incumbent” in American English

See all translations

incumbentnoun [ C ]

us /ɪnˈkʌm·bənt/

incumbent noun [ C ] (PERSON)

politics & government (referring to the present time) a person who has a particular office or position, esp. an elected one:

Senator Smith, the incumbent, faces a tough fight for reelection next year.

incumbentadjective

us /ɪnˈkʌm·bənt/ fml

incumbent adjective (NECESSARY)

necessary:

[ + to infinitive ] It is incumbent upon (= necessary for) all of us to create a safe community.

(Definition of “incumbent” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

“incumbent” in Business English

See all translations

incumbentnoun [ C ]

uk /ɪnˈkʌmbənt/ us formal

a person or business that holds a particular position in a company, market, industry, etc. at the present time:

The incumbent has been awarded the airline's new advertising contract, despite stiff competition from other agencies.

POLITICS the person who holds a particular elected position at the present time:

Three new mayoral candidates intend to challenge the incumbent.

incumbentadjective

uk /ɪnˈkʌmbənt/ us formal

[ before noun ] holding a particular position in a company, industry, etc. at the present time:

[ before noun ] POLITICS holding a particular elected position at the present time:

the incumbent mayor/president/vice-president
it is incumbent on sb to do sth

someone has a duty or responsibility to do something:

"I think it is incumbent on us to provide a good environment for business," he said.

(Definition of “incumbent” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)