Definition of “participle” - English Dictionary

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“participle” in British English

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participlenoun [ C ]

uk /pɑːˈtɪs.ɪ.pəl/ us /ˈpɑːr.tɪ.sɪ.pəl/

the form of a verb that usually ends in "ed" or "ing" and is used as an adjective:

In the sentences "He's sleeping" and "I've already eaten", the words "sleeping" and "eaten" are both participles.

More examples

  • The past participle of 'cook' is 'cooked'.
  • In Standard American, 'gotten' is used as a past participle of 'get'.

(Definition of “participle” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

“participle” in American English

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participlenoun [ C ]

us /ˈpɑr·t̬əˌsɪp·əl, -sə·pəl/

grammar a form of a verb, often ending in "-ed" or "-ing" and used with auxiliary verbs to make verb tenses, or to form adjectives

(Definition of “participle” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)