past participlenoun [ C ]uk /ˌpɑːst pɑː ˈtɪs.ɪ.pəl/ us /ˌpæst ˈpɑːr.tɪ.sɪ.pəl/
- In English, the perfect is formed with 'have' and the past participle of the verb.
- In Standard American, 'gotten' is used as a past participle of 'get'.
- The past participle is used to form the passive.
- Some adjectives are formed from past participles, like for example 'broken' in 'a broken leg'.
- Some past participles are irregular, such as 'given', 'made' or 'seen'.