Definition of “preposition” - English Dictionary

“preposition” in British English

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prepositionnoun [ C ]

uk /ˌprep.əˈzɪʃ.ən/ us /ˌprep.əˈzɪʃ.ən/

B1 in grammar, a word that is used before a noun, a noun phrase, or a pronoun, connecting it to another word:

In the sentences "We jumped in the lake", and "She drove slowly down the track", "in" and "down" are prepositions.

More examples

  • In the sentence 'The dog jumped over the wall', the word 'over' is a preposition.
  • Some prepositions consist of more than one word, such as 'out of'.
prepositional
adjective [ before noun ] uk /ˌprep.əˈzɪʃ.ən.əl/ us /ˌprep.əˈzɪʃ.ən.əl/

a prepositional phrase

(Definition of “preposition” from the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

“preposition” in American English

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prepositionnoun [ C ]

us /ˌprep·əˈzɪʃ·ən/

grammar a word that connects a noun, a noun phrase, or a pronoun to another word, esp. to a verb, another noun, or an adjective:

In the sentence, "We jumped in the lake," "in" is a preposition, and in the sentence, "I heard the sound of loud music," "of" is a preposition.

(Definition of “preposition” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

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