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Definition of “reserve” - English Dictionary

"reserve" in American English

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reserveverb [I/T]

 us   /rɪˈzɜrv/
to keep something for a particular purpose or time: [T] He reserved the right to veto any future plans.
If you reserve something such as a table in a restaurant or a room in a hotel, you arrange for it to be kept for your use at a later time: [I] It’s a popular restaurant, and you’ll have to reserve well in advance. [T] I’m sorry, this seat is reserved.

reservenoun [C/U]

 us   /rɪˈzɜrv/
something kept for a particular purpose or time, or the state of being kept for future use by someone: [C] I have a reserve of food in case of emergency. [U] The book is on reserve and can’t be checked out. She keeps a little money in reserve (= for use if and when needed).
A reserve (also (also preserve)) is also an area of land kept for the protection of animals and plants: [C] a nature/game reserve
The reserves are a part of a country’s armed forces that are not always on active duty but are available in an emergency.
(Definition of reserve from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"reserve" in British English

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reserveverb [T]

uk   /rɪˈzɜːv/  us   /rɪˈzɝːv/
B1 to keep something for a particular purpose or time: I reserve Mondays for tidying my desk and answering letters. These seats are reserved for the elderly and women with babies. I reserve judgment on this issue (= I won't give an opinion on it now) until we have more information.
B1 If you reserve something such as a seat on an aircraft or a table at a restaurant, you arrange for it to be kept for your use: I reserved a double room at the Lamb Hotel. [+ two objects] If you get there early, reserve me a seat/reserve a seat for me.

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reservenoun

uk   /rɪˈzɜːv/  us   /rɪˈzɝːv/
  • reserve noun (KEEPING)

C2 [C or U] the act of keeping something or a supply of something until it is needed, or a supply that you keep: She keeps a little money in reserve (= for use if and when needed). The librarian has put the book on reserve for me (= will keep it for me when it becomes available). We still have a reserve of food/food reserves in case of emergency.
  • reserve noun (AREA OF LAND)

B2 [C] (also reservation, US also preserve) an area of land kept in its natural state, especially for wild animals to live in and be protected: a nature/game/wildlife reserve
  • reserve noun (EXTRA PERSON)

[C] in sports, an extra player who is ready to play if needed: We had two reserves in case anyone was injured.
the reserves [plural]
a football team consisting of players who are not in the first team, but who play in a league against reserve teams from other clubs: Frank was a prolific scorer for the reserves before he graduated to the first team.
the reserves [plural]
a group of people who are not permanently in the armed forces but are used only if needed: They will call up the reserves.
  • reserve noun (DOUBT)

[U] formal a feeling of doubt about someone or something: I can recommend him to you without reserve.
  • reserve noun (LOWEST PRICE)

[C usually singular] (also reserve price) the lowest amount of money the owners will accept for something being sold, especially at auction (= public sale): A rare Stradivarius violin failed to reach its reserve price (= no one offered to pay it) when put up for auction on Tuesday. We set/put a reserve of €500 on the picture.
(Definition of reserve from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"reserve" in Business English

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reserveverb [T]

uk   us   /rɪˈzɜːv/
to keep something for a particular purpose or time: reserve sth for sb/sth The plan would reserve $1 billion for "long-term capacity improvements".
COMMERCE to arrange for something to be kept for you, for example, a seat on an aircraft or a table at a restaurant: He's reserved a table for 8pm.
reserve the right to do sth
to state, especially in a written agreement, that you may change something in the future: I reserve the right to disagree to any future changes in the company structure.
reserve judgement
to not decide on something immediately: I thought I'd reserve judgement until he'd finished his presentation.

reservenoun

uk   us   /rɪˈzɜːv/
[C] a supply of something that you have available to use if you need to: You will need a reasonable reserve of cash to start the process. coal/oil/fuel reserves
in reserve
kept in order to use later if needed: They do not have money in reserve like many of the bigger companies. Land should be kept in reserve at the airport for a second runway which could be built by the mid-2020s.
[C] (also reserve price) COMMERCE the lowest amount of money that the owner will accept for something that is being sold, especially at an auction: I set the reserve price at $50 in the hope that it would sell for much more.
reserves [plural]
BANKING, FINANCE the amount of foreign currency or gold that a central bank has at a particular time: It has around 8bn dollars in foreign currency reserves. No country has limitless reserves of gold.
ACCOUNTING money kept by a company for a particular use, for example, a future project or emergency: use/dip into reserves It became necessary for the company to dip into its reserves. cash/money reserves
(Definition of reserve from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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