rough Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo
Cambridge Dictionaries online Cambridge Dictionaries online

The most popular online dictionary and thesaurus for learners of English

Definition of “rough” - English Dictionary

"rough" in American English

See all translations

roughadjective [-er/-est only]

us   /rʌf/
(of a surface) not even or smooth: It was a rough road, full of potholes. Her laugh was rough and loud.
violent or stormy: The sea was too rough for sailing. They live in a rough neighborhood.
difficult or unpleasant: She’s had a rough year – she lost her job, then her father died.
not exact or detailed; approximate: I quickly made a rough table from some boards. Can you give us a rough estimate of the cost?
rough
adverb [not gradable] us   /rʌf/
The team had a reputation for playing rough.
Idioms
(Definition of rough from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"rough" in British English

See all translations

roughadjective

uk   /rʌf/ us   /rʌf/
  • rough adjective (NOT EVEN)

B1 not even or smooth, often because of being in bad condition: It was a rough mountain road, full of stones and huge holes.
B1 If a surface such as paper or skin is rough, it does not feel smooth when you touch it: My hands get very rough in the cold.
Rough ground is ground that is not used for any particular purpose, is not even, and is full of wild plants.

expend iconexpend iconMore examples

  • rough adjective (NOT EXACT)

B1 [before noun] not exact or detailed: The builder did a rough sketch of how the new stairs would look. This is only a rough guess. She made a rough estimate/calculation of the likely cost. The tests are a rough guide to students' progress.
Synonym

expend iconexpend iconMore examples

  • rough adjective (STORMY)

B2 (of the weather or the sea) having strong winds or big waves: I'm always seasick if the water/wind/sea/weather is rough.
  • rough adjective (ILL)

[after verb] UK ill: You look a bit rough - how much did you have to drink last night?
roughness
noun [U] uk   /ˈrʌf.nəs/ us   /ˈrʌf.nəs/

roughverb

uk   /rʌf/ us   /rʌf/

roughnoun

uk   /rʌf/ us   /rʌf/

roughadverb

uk   /rʌf/ us   /rʌf/
(Definition of rough from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"rough" in Business English

See all translations

roughadjective

uk   /rʌf/ us  
fairly correct but not exact or detailed: The $51 million is a rough estimate. These are very rough figures which will help us to plan for the future.
not completely finished: He gave me a rough draft of the presentation.
difficult or unpleasant: Small stores are having a very rough time . Subprime lending on private markets is in for a rough ride.

roughnoun

uk   /rʌf/ us  
[C] a first quick drawing of something: He sent me over the roughs.
in rough
simple and without details: The plans were drawn up in rough .
(Definition of rough from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
What is the pronunciation of rough?
Add Cambridge dictionaries to your browser to your website

“rough” in Business English

Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
Avoiding common errors with the word enough.
by ,
May 25, 2016
by Liz Walter Enough is a very common word, but it is easy to make mistakes with it. You need to be careful about its position in a sentence, and the prepositions or verb patterns that come after it. I’ll start with the position of enough in the sentence. When we use it with a noun,

Read More 

Word of the Day

sunscreen

a substance that you put on your skin to prevent it from being damaged by the sun

Word of the Day

convo noun
convo noun
May 23, 2016
informal a conversation The convo around concussions mostly focuses on guys who play football, but Chastain thinks that this whole thing could be a headache for women too.

Read More