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Definition of “scratch” - English Dictionary

"scratch" in American English

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scratchverb [I/T]

us   /skrætʃ/
  • scratch verb [I/T] (CUT)

to cut or damage a surface with something sharp or rough, or to rub a part of your body with something sharp or rough: [T] He used a penknife to scratch his initials into the bark of the tree. [I] You can hold the cat – she won’t scratch.
If you scratch your skin, you rub it with the nails of your fingers: [T] I know they itch, but don’t scratch your mosquito bites.
  • scratch verb [I/T] (REMOVE)

to remove yourself or another person or an animal from a competition before the start: [I] Mary Slaney scratched from the 1500-meter run because of an Achilles tendon problem.
To scratch is also to decide not to do something that you had planned to do; to cancel: [T] We were going to remodel our kitchen, but we had to scratch that when I lost my job.

scratchnoun [C]

us   /skrætʃ/
a cut or mark that is made in a surface with something sharp or rough: Tiny particles of car wax fill in the little scratches on the car.
(Definition of scratch from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"scratch" in British English

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scratchverb

uk   /skrætʃ/ us   /skrætʃ/
  • scratch verb (CUT)

B2 [I or T] to cut or damage a surface or your skin slightly with or on something sharp or rough: We scratched the wall trying to get the bed into Martha's room. Be careful not to scratch yourself on the roses. A few chickens were scratching about/around (= searching with their beaks) in the yard for grain.
B2 [T] If you scratch something on or off a surface, you add it or remove it by scratching: People have been scratching their names on this rock for years. I scratched some paint off the door as I was getting out of the car.
B2 [I] If an animal scratches, it rubs something with its claws (= sharp nails): The dog's scratching at the door - he wants to be let in.
B2 [I or T] to rub your skin with your nails: He was scratching (at) his mosquito bites. Hannah scratched her head thoughtfully.

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scratchnoun

uk   /skrætʃ/ us   /skrætʃ/
B2 [C] a mark made by scratching: Her legs were covered in scratches and bruises after her walk through the forest. There was a scratch on the CD. Amazingly, he survived the accident without a scratch (= without suffering any injuries at all).
[S] UK an act of scratching: That dog is having a good scratch. It must have fleas.

scratchadjective

uk   /skrætʃ/ us   /skrætʃ/ UK
(Definition of scratch from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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