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Definition of “sentence” - English Dictionary

"sentence" in American English

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sentencenoun [C]

 us   /ˈsen·təns/
  • sentence noun [C] (GRAMMAR)

grammar a group of words, usually containing a subject and a verb, expressing a statement, question, instruction, or exclamation, and, when written, starting with a capital letter and ending with a period or other mark: Your sentences are too long and complicated.
  • sentence noun [C] (PUNISHMENT)

a punishment given by a law court to a person or organization that is guilty of a crime: She served a three-year prison sentence.

sentenceverb [T]

 us   /ˈsent·əns/
to officially state the punishment given by a law court to a guilty person or organization: He was sentenced to three years in jail and fined $40,000.
(Definition of sentence from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"sentence" in British English

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sentencenoun [C]

uk   /ˈsen.təns/  us   /ˈsen.təns/
  • sentence noun [C] (WORD GROUP)

A1 a group of words, usually containing a verb, that expresses a thought in the form of a statement, question, instruction, or exclamation and starts with a capital letter when written: He's very impatient and always interrupts me mid-sentence. Your conclusion is good, but the final sentence is too long and complicated.

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  • sentence noun [C] (PUNISHMENT)

B2 a punishment given by a judge in court to a person or organization after they have been found guilty of doing something wrong: He got a heavy/light sentence (= he was severely/not severely punished). The offence carries a jail/prison/life/five-year sentence. He was given a non-custodial/suspended sentence.
pronounce sentence
(of a judge) to say officially what a punishment will be: The judge will pronounce sentence on the defendant this afternoon.

sentenceverb [T]

uk   /ˈsen.təns/  us   /ˈsen.təns/ specialized
B2 to decide and say officially what a punishment will be: He was sentenced to life imprisonment.

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(Definition of sentence from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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