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Definition of “shift” - English Dictionary

"shift" in American English

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shiftverb [I/T]

us   /ʃɪft/
  • shift verb [I/T] (MOVE OR CHANGE)

to change direction or move from one person, position, or place to another: [I] The wind shifted to the east. [T] She shifted her weight from one foot to the other. [T] He tried to shift the blame onto his sister.
If you shift your emphasis or attitude, you change it: [T] Our attention has shifted from baseball to the election.
When you shift the gears of a vehicle, you move them into different positions to change the speed of the vehicle.

shiftnoun [C]

us   /ʃɪft/
  • shift noun [C] (PERIOD)

the period that a person is scheduled to work, or a group of workers who work during the same period of time: I’m working the day shift this month. The night shift is finished at 7 a.m.
  • shift noun [C] (MOVE OR CHANGE)

a change in position or direction: There’s been a substantial shift in doctorsmethods.
(Definition of shift from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"shift" in British English

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shiftverb

uk   /ʃɪft/ us   /ʃɪft/
  • shift verb (MOVE/CHANGE)

C1 [I or T] to (cause something or someone to) move or change from one position or direction to another, especially slightly: She shifted (her weight) uneasily from one foot to the other. The wind is expected to shift (to the east) tomorrow.
C1 [I] (of an idea, opinion, etc.) to change: Society's attitudes towards women have shifted enormously over the last century. Media attention has shifted recently onto environmental issues.
[T] mainly US UK usually change to move the gears of a vehicle into different positions in order to make it go faster or slower: In cars that are automatics, you don't have to bother with shifting gears.
shift house
Indian English to leave your home in order to live in a new one; move house

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Phrasal verbs

shiftnoun

uk   /ʃɪft/ us   /ʃɪft/
  • shift noun (GROUP)

B2 [C, + sing/pl verb] a group of workers who do a job for a period of time during the day or night, or the period of time itself: As the night shift leave/leaves, the day shift arrive/arrives. Are you on the night shift or the day shift? (= Do you work during the night period or the day period?)

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  • shift noun (CHANGE)

C1 [C] a change in position or direction: a shift in the wind/temperature The shift in the balance of power in the region has had far-reaching consequences. There has been a dramatic shift in public opinion towards peaceful negotiations.

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  • shift noun (DRESS)

[C] a simple dress that hangs straight from the shoulders
(Definition of shift from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"shift" in Business English

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shiftverb

uk   /ʃɪft/ us  
[T] to move something to a different place or position: shift sth to sth They shifted the money to another account.shift sth out of sth Rising costs forced them to shift manufacturing work out of Europe.
[I or T] to change an opinion, idea, etc.: shift focus/emphasis/attentionshift (sth) away from sth They have shifted the emphasis of the business away from traditional manufacturing. shift (sth) towards sth The company has shifted towards a more flexible marketing mix. HR have shifted their position on overtime working and this will no longer be encouraged.
[T] informal COMMERCE to manage to sell goods: At that time, Sony had shifted 30 million Playstation3 consoles since launch. The sales projections were over-optimistic and left them with $100 million of stock they couldn't shift.

shiftnoun

uk   /ʃɪft/ us  
[C] HR, WORKPLACE an agreed period of time during the day or night when particular employees work, in a factory, hospital, etc.: He worked an 8 hour shift at the hospital.begin/end your shift They begin their shift at 4pm.
[C] HR, WORKPLACE the group of workers who work at a particular time: the day/night/late shift We work until 8am, when the day shift takes over.
[C, usually singular] a movement or change in something: a shift in sth There's been a major shift in strategy.a shift away from/towards sth The shift towards specialisation favours smaller firms.
[U] IT on a computer keyboard, a key that changes the letter, number, or symbol that would normally appear when you press another key at the same time: Press shift to capitalize letters.
(Definition of shift from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“shift” in Business English

Watching the detectorists
Watching the detectorists
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May 31, 2016
by Colin McIntosh You could be forgiven for thinking that old-fashioned hobbies that don’t involve computers have fallen out of favour. In fact, nothing could be further from the truth. If anything, the internet has made it easier for people with specialist hobbies from different corners of the world to come together to support one another

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