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Definition of “shock” - English Dictionary

"shock" in American English

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shocknoun

us   /ʃɑk/
  • shock noun (SURPRISE)

[C/U] a sudden, unexpected, and often unpleasant or offensive event, or the emotional or physical reaction to such an event: [C] It was kind of a shock to hear they wanted to throw it out.
[C/U] Shock is also a medical condition caused by severe injury, pain, loss of blood, or fright that slows down the flow of blood around the body: [U] She was going into shock – her flesh was becoming chilled and her muscles were contracting.
  • shock noun (EFFECT FROM HITTING)

[U] the effect, often including damage or slight movement, of one object hitting another forcefully: Running shoes lose their ability to absorb shock.
  • shock noun (ELECTRIC CURRENT)

[C] a current of electricity going through the body: If that cord is pulled loose, you’ll get a shock from the plug.
shocking
adjective us   /ˈʃɑk·ɪŋ/
The book was considered shocking when it was first published.

shockverb [I/T]

us   /ʃɑk/
  • shock verb [I/T] (SURPRISE)

to make someone suddenly feel very upset or surprised: [T] Her painting might shock viewers. [I] The ads were designed to shock.
(Definition of shock from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"shock" in British English

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shocknoun

uk   /ʃɒk/ us   /ʃɑːk/
  • shock noun (SURPRISE)

B1 [C or U] (the emotional or physical reaction to) a sudden, unexpected, and usually unpleasant event or experience: Her mother's death came as a great shock - it was so unexpected. It was such a loud crash - it gave me/I got quite a shock. It was a shock to see her looking so ill. I was in (a state of) shock for about two weeks after the accident.UK Manchester City suffered a shock defeat (= completely unexpected defeat) at the weekend.
a shock to the system
an unpleasant feeling that you experience when something new or unusual happens: It's really hard getting back to work after three months off - it's quite a shock to the system.

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  • shock noun (ELECTRICITY)

C2 [C] an electric shock : Ow! - I got a shock from that lamp!
  • shock noun (ILLNESS)

[U] a medical condition caused by severe injury, pain, loss of blood, or fear that slows down the flow of blood around the body: Several passengers from the wrecked vehicle were taken to hospital suffering from shock.
  • shock noun (DAMAGING EFFECT)

C2 [U] the effect of one object violently hitting another, causing damage or a slight movement: For running on hard roads, you need shoes with extra cushioning to absorb (= reduce) the shock.
  • shock noun (OFFENDED)

[U] a feeling of being offended or upset by something you consider wrong or unacceptable: You should have seen the look of shock on her face when he started swearing!

shockverb [I or T]

uk   /ʃɒk/ us   /ʃɑːk/
B2 to make someone feel upset or surprised: The photographs of starving children shocked people into giving money. The news of the accident shocked the family deeply.

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shockable
adjective uk   /ˈʃɒk.ə.bəl/ us   /ˈʃɑː.kə.bəl/
I have to be careful what I say to my mother - she's very shockable (= easily offended).
shocked
adjective uk   /ʃɒkt/ us   /ʃɑːkt/
B1 After his announcement, there was a shocked silence. [+ to infinitive] We were shocked to see smoke pouring out of the roof.
(Definition of shock from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)
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