stock Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary Cambridge dictionaries logo

Definition of “stock” - English Dictionary

"stock" in American English

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stocknoun

 us   /stɑk/
  • stock noun (SUPPLY)

[C/U] a ​supply of something for use or ​sale: [C] New regulations should ​preserve stocks of ​haddock and other ​fish. [U] The ​company won’t ​let you ​return unsold stock. [C/U] Stock is also the ​totalamount of ​goods or the ​amount of a ​particulartype of ​goodsavailable in a ​store: [U] New Video has 4000 ​titles in stock. [U] That CD is out of stock.
  • stock noun (INVESTMENT)

social studies [C/U] a ​part of the ​ownership of a ​company that ​peoplebuy as an ​investment: [C] There is more ​risk with stocks than with ​bonds. [U] Stock ​pricesfell this ​week.
  • stock noun (FLAVORED LIQUID)

[U] a ​liquid made by ​boilingvegetables or the ​bones from ​meat or ​fish in ​water which is used to ​addflavor to ​soups and other ​food: vegetable/​beef/​chicken stock
  • stock noun (ORIGIN)

[U] the ​family, ​country, or ​group from which a ​person comes: He’s an American of Irish stock.
  • stock noun (GUN PART)

[C] the ​part of a ​rifle (= ​longgun) that ​rests against the ​shoulder

stockverb [T]

 us   /stɑk/
to ​keep a ​supply of something for use or ​sale: They stock all ​sorts of ​gifts for travelers.

stockadjective [not gradable]

 us   /stɑk/
(of an ​idea, ​expression, or ​action) ​usual or ​typical: a stock phrase/​response

stockplural noun

 us   /stɑk/
  • stock plural noun (ANIMALS)

short form oflivestock (= ​animals, such as ​cows or ​sheep, ​kept on a ​farm)
(Definition of stock from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)







"stock" in British English

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stocknoun

uk   /stɒk/  us   /stɑːk/
  • stock noun (SUPPLY)

C1 [C or U] a ​supply of something for use or ​sale: It is now ​halfway through ​winter and ​food stocks are already ​low. The ​localshop has a good stock ofpostcards and ​guidebooks. Much of the city's ​housing stock (= the ​number of ​houses in the ​city) is over 100 ​yearsold.B2 [U] the ​totalamount of ​goods or the ​amount of a ​particulartype of ​goodsavailable in a ​shop: This ​shopsellsitsold stock at very ​lowprices. We'll be getting ​our new stock in on ​Friday. The new ​edition is in/out of stock (= ​available/not ​available) in ​majorbookshops.

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  • stock noun (MONEY)

[U] the ​amount of ​money that a ​company has through ​selling shares to ​people: They own 20 ​percent of the company's stock. [C or U] part of the ownership of a ​company that can be ​bought by ​members of the ​public: Stock pricesfellyesterday in ​heavytrading. She ​buys and ​sells stocks and ​shares. [C or U] UK money that ​people invest in the ​government, ​producing a ​fixedrate of ​interest: government stock(s)

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  • stock noun (LIQUID)

[U] a ​liquid used to ​addflavour to ​food, made by ​boilingmeat or ​fishbones or ​vegetables in ​water: vegetable/​beef/​chicken stock
  • stock noun (ANIMALS)

[U] animals, such as ​cows or ​sheep, ​kept on a ​farm
  • stock noun (ORIGIN)

[U] formal the ​family or ​group that a ​person or ​animal comes from: He's an American ofIrish stock. She's ofpeasant/​noble stock. Some of the ​animals will be ​kept as ​breeding stock.
  • stock noun (FRAME)

the stocks [plural] in the past, a ​woodenframe that was ​fixed around someone's ​feet, ​hands, and sometimes ​head, so that they were ​forced to ​sit or ​stand for a ​longtime in ​public as a ​punishment
  • stock noun (PLANT)

[C] a ​gardenplant with ​small pleasant-smelling, ​brightlycolouredflowers

stockverb [T]

uk   /stɒk/  us   /stɑːk/
C1 If a ​shop or ​factory stocks something, it ​keeps a ​supply of it: Most ​supermarkets stock a ​widerange of ​wines. to ​fill something such as a ​cupboard or ​shelves with ​food or ​goods: He has a ​part-timejob stocking ​shelves in the ​localsupermarket. I always stock up the ​fridge before my ​sister comes to ​stay.

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Phrasal verbs

stockadjective

uk   /stɒk/  us   /stɑːk/
(of an ​idea, ​expression, or ​action) ​usual or ​typical, and used or done so many ​times that it is no ​longeroriginal: a stock phrase/​response "Don't ​worry - ​worse things ​happen at ​sea" is her stock ​expression for ​whenever anything goes ​wrong.
(Definition of stock from the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press)

"stock" in Business English

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stocknoun

uk   us   /stɒk/
[U] COMMERCE the ​totalamount of ​goods that a ​store or ​business has for ​sale: They've got ​warehousesfull of stock.be in stock If an ​item is in stock, it can be ​supplied the next day.have/keep sth in stock We can't ​keep enough ​high-endproducts in stock.be out of stock If any ​part of your ​order is out of stock, we will ​notify you. Most ​supermarkets don't have much back-room ​space to ​keep a lot of stock.
[C or U] PRODUCTION, COMMERCE, ACCOUNTING goods that a ​companyowns, such as ​parts, ​materials, or ​finishedproducts: Companies will have to run down stocks before ​production can really ​pick up again. We have ​reduced stock ​levels to reflect ​lowerexpectations of ​demand. Firms should ​start preparing in January by deciding how much stock they'll need.
[C or U] PRODUCTION a ​supply of ​goods or ​materials: Oklahoma ​provide up to 50% of the corn stock needed. There is a ​shortage of housing stock. Coffee ​pricesroseahead of an expected ​drop in stocks of beans. World fish stocks are dangerously ​low.
[C or U] ( written abbreviation stk.) STOCK MARKET, FINANCE part of the ​ownership of a ​company that ​people have as an ​investment in the ​form of ​shares: In November, the company's stock ​hit $2 a ​share.stock rises/falls The stock ​fell 15.5p below the ​flotationprice.invest in/buy/hold stock The ​plan would ​allowshareholders to ​buy stock at a 50% ​discount. James ​cashed in his stocks and ​shares. He received $1.9 million in stock. She ​purchased three 1,000-share ​blocks of the stock.
[C or U] ( also government stock) FINANCE, GOVERNMENT a ​type of low-risk ​investmentsold by the ​government that ​produces a ​fixedrate of ​interest: Dealers ​reported a ​flow of ​funds out of ​equities into ​government stock. Her ​portfolio of ​shares and ​government stocks ​grew in ​value.

stockverb [T]

uk   us   /stɒk/ COMMERCE
to ​keep a ​supply of a particular ​type of ​goods for ​sale: Stores can't stock every ​size and ​cut and color. He decides which movies will be stocked at the chain's 650 ​stores.
to ​provide a ​supply of something to a ​store or ​company: There's so much ​demand that I can't ​keep the ​store stocked.be well stocked (with sth) Manufacturers are well stocked with ​cheap coffee ​bought in ​advance of the ​quotas.
Phrasal verbs
(Definition of stock from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)
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“stock” in Business English

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